gms | German Medical Science

GMS Health Technology Assessment

Deutsche Agentur für Health Technology Assessment (DAHTA)

ISSN 1861-8863

Information for authors

1 General Information

GMS Health Technology Assessment is an open access e-journal, which publishes articles for the entire range of the medical sciences and the public health politics. All articles go through a peer review procedure before publication. The authors' guidelines principally follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals.
GMS Health Technology Assessment does not charge any article processing charges (APCs) nor submission charges to its authors.

2 Publication Requirements

The submitted manuscripts or substantial parts of them should not have been previously published or submitted for publication somewhere else. The abbreviated version of the contents for presentation at a meeting is not regarded as a publication.

3 Authorship and Copyright

In cases of publication, the author grants GMS Health Technology Assessment the right to store in databases for an unlimited period of time, to distribute and to reproduce the article in electronic form, as well as to the individualized print for users of the print-on-demand service. All remaining exploitation rights of the author are not restricted, however, all further publications should display original publication note (originally published in: GMS Health Technol Assess. 2005;3:Doc...).
All authors insure that they have furnished a substantial contribution to the article and that they are in agreement with form and contents of the manuscript.
The author conducting the negotiations confirms that he holds the rights on his works as well as on the text and illustrations attached therein in the Author's Contract. If material (e.g. illustrations or tables) is used from other sources, the author must submit a written statement from the holder of the copyrights indicating agreement with a publication in GMS Health Technology Assessment.

4 Conflict of Interests

Financial or other support of institutes or companies, as well as promotion funds, is to be stated in the acknowledgments. All financial or other connections, which the author has to a company, whose products or competition products play an important role in represented facts of the matter, should be described and enclosed on a separate form. This notification is handled confidentially and only when the manuscript is accepted for publication does the editorial staff discuss with the author in which form this information will be relayed.

5 Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy

When using records of patients it must be guaranteed that the person is not identifiable on the basis of the portrayal. Otherwise, the author must seek explicit consent from the person concerned (or their representative) that he agrees to the publication in the present form. The existence of such a consent is to be confirmed by the author in writing.

5.1 Informed Consent

All manuscripts on clinical research performed in humans or with materials obtained from humans must include a section declaring that the research project has been approved by an institutional review board or ethics committee and that patients or probands have granted informed consent prior to inclusion.

5.2 Ethical Treatment of Animals

All manuscripts on animal research must report procedures by which ethical treatment of animals has been guaranteed.

6 Manuscript Preparation

6.1 In General

The manuscripts are published in German and/or English. An article version in another foreign language may be published additionally as attachment within the article. The German Agency of HTA (DAHTA) reserves the right to translate the text, and to release it in its database.
The manuscripts may include tables, diagrams and pictures.

6.1.1 Title Page

On the first page the title of the article is stated in the article language and – if applicable – in the original language (see 6.1), followed by the surnames and first names of all authors, their e-mail addresses and the facilities where they are active.
The corresponding author is to be designated.
Beyond that it applies to all other manuscript: The German and English title of the article is stated.
Then give separately on the first page the name, mail and e-mail address of the author conducting the correspondence.

6.1.2 Abstract and Key Words

The HTA Executive Summaries include an English and/or a German abstract.
The editorial office compiles the indexing.
All original contributions, case descriptions and review articles are to be preceded by an English and/or a German abstract. The author should indicate adequate keywords which, as far as possible, are taken from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).

6.1.3 Literature References

The literature cited in the text is listed at the end of the article according to the Vancouver Style of References also used in Medline. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in square brackets. Please do not use footnotes!

Some Examples:

Standard journal article:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347(4):284-7.
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Chapter/Contribution in a monograph:
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
Journal article on the Internet:
Eysenbach G. SARS and population health technology. J Med Internet Res. 2003;5(2):e14. Available from:
Homepage/Web site: [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9].
Available from:

Further detailed sample references under:

6.2 Article types

Rapid publications (field reports/short reports/letters to the editor)
In this category belong the Executive Summaries of HTA reports, published in combination with the INAHTA checklist.
Comments or announcements and communications with news character are welcome as well as letters to the editor.

Research articles (research articles)
Those are scientific papers, such as the development of HTA methods. It should be evident from the papers that they make a substantial contribution in clarifying the formulated problem. They are to be subdivided into: Abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusions.

Case reports (case reports)
Case reports represent a case relevant for the scientific interest. They are to be subdivided into: Abstract, introduction, case description, discussion, conclusions.

Review articles (review articles)
Review articles are to show the state of research in detail, summarize and clarify open research questions. Review articles should include abstract and introduction, furthermore, they may be subdivided sectionwise according to the requirements of the topic.

Research data/study results (please consult 6.3)

All publications go through a review.

This applies to all publications: In case of controversy or a negative review report the article will be released nevertheless in combination with the review report.

6.3 Research Data/Primary Data (Supplementary Material)

We expect our authors to submit relevant underlying data in addition to the manuscripts for peer review and publication. This complies with demands of funding organizations like Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and European Research Council in terms of "Good scientific practice". By co-operation with the Dryad repository, German Medical Science offers an easy way to achieve that. Dryad is both an international repository of data underlying peer-reviewed scientific and medical literature, and a membership organization, governed by journals, publishers, scientific societies, and other stakeholders. Benefits of publishing research data / primary data include:

For authors:
  • Citeability: via persistent identifiers (DOI)
  • Long-term archiving
  • Independent quality assurance through peer review
  • Legal security: Like the article, data are published under a Creative commons licence. Dryad is using the Creative Commons Zero.
For the scientific community:
  • Subsequent use: enables further interpretation of data, utilization for follow-up research projects, creation of interconnections between data sets, data/text mining
  • Transparency: through traceability and reproducibility (if applicable) of research results
  • Efficiency: through limitation of work and financial expenses
Please submit a descriptive caption together with your data. Use of platform-independent file formats is required, such as:
  • For additional documentation (e.g. detailed case reports): PDF
  • For image data: GIF, TIFF, PNG, JPG
  • For audio-visual material: MPG
  • For text or tabular data: TXT, CSV
If you have further questions about the data submission, please send an e-mail to

7 Technical Requirements

7.1 Typography and Technical Terms

Do not use block style or hyphenation when drawing up your manuscripts. Line breaks are only to be inserted in paragraphs. Literature references are to be numbered consecutively in the text and listed at the end of the document as text, under no circumstances by means of the automatic footnote function. All illustrations and tables are to be provided with legends and numbered consecutively.
The basic units of the International System for Measures and Weights (SI) and the units derived from them are to be used for all units of measurement. For the indication of blood pressure values the unit "mmHg" is permissible, for the indication of temperatures the unit °C. When using other units in illustrations and tables the conversion factors are to be indicated in the legend.
Abbreviations without solutions should be only used, if they are generally common (DNA, WHO). All remaining abbreviations are to be identified when first used. If necessary, an abbreviation list should be added.

7.2 Text Formats

Acceptable text formats are MS-Word (*.doc/*.docx) and Rich Text Format (*.rtf).

7.3 Graphic Formats

The following graphic formats may be used: the formats TIFF and BMP; GIF and PNG for charts, JPG for photos. The graphics should be integrated in the text.

8 Abstracting/Indexing

GMS Health Technology Assessment is covered by the following abstracting/indexing services: