gms | German Medical Science

GMS Journal for Medical Education

Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

ISSN 2366-5017


GMS Journal for Medical Education (GMS J Med Educ) – formerly GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung – publishes scientific articles on all aspects of undergraduate and graduate education in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy and other health professions. Research and review articles, project reports, short communications as well as discussion papers and comments may be submitted. Manuscripts may be submitted in English or German. Each Articles will be translated into the other language respectively. GMS Journal for Medical Education is published regularly as an unrestricted open access journal with at least four issues per year. In addition, special issues on current topics in medical education research are also published.

The journal is the organ of the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) ( Until 2015 the journal was published under its German name GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung.

Published articles are available worldwide to anyone who is interested: Without any delay, permanently, searchable and without costs. We cordially invite you to use our journal as a reader or as an author for the benefit of medical education.

Please note that a fake journal is currently copying GMS Journal for Medical Education. If you would like to submit an article, please only do so via

Recent Publications
GMS Journal for Medical Education Volume 39

Issue 3

editorial editorial

Between expectation and reality. A plea for more evidence-based bedside teaching

Rotthoff T
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc38 (20220715)
[Full Text] [PDF]
obituary obituary

Obituary Prof. Dr. med. Karl Köhle *1938 – †2022

Langewitz W, Kiessling C, Stosch C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc37 (20220715)
[Full Text] [PDF]
commentary equal opportunities

How is the situation of women in leadership positions in medical education in Germany?

Hege I, Schüttpelz-Brauns K, Kiessling C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc36 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article career development

Between clinical practice, teaching and research – a project report on the development and implementation of a career mentoring curriculum for female clinician scientists

Meyer-Frießem C, Enax-Krumova E, Kruppa C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc35 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article history taking

Online medical history taking course: Opportunities and limitations in comparison to traditional bedside teaching

Lange S, Krüger N, Warm M, op den Winkel M, Buechel J, Huber J, Genzel-Boroviczény O, Fischer MR, Dimitriadis K
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc34 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article empathy

Perspectives and understanding of empathy development amongst junior doctors in Pakistan: Challenges and opportunities

Rahman A, Jones L
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc33 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article empathy

Does a sense of gratitude protect against empathy loss in medical students? An exploratory study

Vogel CE, Kiessling C, Fischer MR, Graupe T
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc32 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
commentary interprofessional education

Teaching staff in interprofessional education: A proposed terminology

Ulrich G, Amstad H, Glardon O, Kaap-Fröhlich S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc31 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article learning methods

The two envelopes method for active learning

Flugelman MY, Glueck RM, Aronson D, Shiran A
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc30 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article community medicine

One year of general practice during the COVID-19 pandemic – presentation and evaluation of digital medical education

van der Keylen P, Zeschick N, Langer AL, Kühlein T, Roos M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc29 (20220715)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
book review book review

Ulrich Engelmann, Martin Baumann: Zielführend moderieren. Kompetenzen – Methoden – Wege zum Gesprächserfolg

Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(3):Doc28 (20220715)
[Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 2

editorial medical education

Taking responsibility

Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc27 (20220414)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article medical thesis

Medical dissertation basics: analysis of a course of study for medical students

Griegel S, Kühl M, Schneider A, Kühl SJ
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc26 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article health apps

Changing knowledge and attitudes about childhood fever: testing a video instruction before its application in a health app

Gwiasda M, Schwarz S, Büssing A, Jenetzky E, Krafft H, Hamideh Kerdar S, Rathjens L, Boehm K, Martin D
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc25 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article OSCE

Usability and preference of electronic vs. paper and pencil OSCE checklists by examiners and influence of checklist type on missed ratings in the Swiss Federal Licensing Exam

Wagner FL, Feller S, Schmitz FM, Zimmermann PG, Krings R, Guttormsen S, Huwendiek S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc24 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article clinical skills

3D-printed heart models for hands-on training in pediatric cardiology – the future of modern learning and teaching?

Brunner BS, Thierij A, Jakob A, Tengler A, Grab M, Thierfelder N, Leuner CJ, Haas NA, Hopfner C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc23 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article medical communication

The sudden switch to online communication training after 10 years in the classroom – comparing the evaluation results of a course on doctor-patient communication

Schwär M, Ullmann-Moskovits J, Farquharson M, Sennekamp M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc22 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article physical examination

Virtual auscultation course via video chat in times of COVID-19 improves cardiac auscultation skills compared to literature self-study in third-year medical students: a prospective randomized controlled cross-over study

Rüllmann N, Hirtz R, Lee U, Klein K, Mayatepek E, Malzkorn B, Döing C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc21 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article psychiatry

Evidence-oriented teaching of geriatric psychiatry: a narrative literature synthesis and pilot evaluation of a clerkship seminar

Lenouvel E, Lornsen F, Schüpbach B, Mattson J, Klöppel S, Pinilla S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc20 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article family medicine

The “Seminartage Weiterbildung Allgemeinmedizin” (SemiWAM®) – development, implementation and evaluation of a five-year, competence-based postgraduate programme in Bavaria

Roos M, Schneider A, Gensichen J, Simmenroth A, Kühlein T, Schneider D
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc19 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article interprofessional education

Joint learning for improvement – interprofessional competence development within the framework of a co-operative project between the University of Applied Sciences for Health Professions Upper Austria and the Medical Faculty of Johannes Kepler University Linz

Rinnhofer C, Steininger-Kaar K, Igelsböck E, Hochstöger D, Öhlinger S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc18 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
position paper interprofessional education

Position paper of the GMA Committee Interprofessional Education in the Health Professions – current status and outlook

Kaap-Fröhlich S, Ulrich G, Wershofen B, Ahles J, Behrend R, Handgraaf M, Herinek D, Mitzkat A, Oberhauser H, Scherer T, Schlicker A, Straub C, Waury Eichler R, Wesselborg B, Witti M, Huber M, Bode SF
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc17 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
position paper integrative medicine

Naturopathy, complementary and integrative medicine in medical education – position paper by the GMA Committee Integrative Medicine and Perspective Pluralism

Homberg A, Scheffer C, Brinkhaus B, Fröhlich U, Huber R, Joos S, Klose P, Kramer K, Ortiz M, Rostock M, Valentini J, Stock-Schröer B
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc16 (20220414)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
conference report conference report GMA 2021

Report of the annual meeting of the Society for Medical Education in the German speaking countries, virtual from the ETH Zürich 2021

Guttormsen S, Lörwald A, Wagner F, Hennel E, Schnabel KP, Weber R, Goldhahn J, Huwendiek S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(2):Doc15 (20220414)
[Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 1

editorial medical education

Learning to teach in medical education

Wijnen-Meijer M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc14 (20220215)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article mental health

Prevalence and predictive factors for depressive symptoms among medical students in Germany – a cross-sectional study

Pukas L, Rabkow N, Keuch L, Ehring E, Fuchs S, Stoevesandt D, Sapalidis A, Pelzer A, Rehnisch C, Watzke S
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc13 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article reflection

Everybody is able to reflect, or aren't they? Evaluating the development of medical professionalism via a longitudinal portfolio mentoring program from a student perspective

Schrempf S, Herrigel L, Pohlmann J, Griewatz J, Lammerding-Köppel M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc12 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article internal medicine

Intuitive concepts in internal medicine and their occurrence in undergraduate medical students in different semesters

Harendza S, Herzog C
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc11 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article curriculum reform

Quality assurance and curricular development of medical faculties using graduate surveys: Challenges – proposal of a core questionnaire – implementation guide

Giesler M, Huber J, Paulmann V
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc10 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article medical research

Developing a new academic wordlist for medical purposes – a viable tool for educators

Tazik K, Maniati M, Afshar MR, Haghighi SB
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc9 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article interprofessional education

Transferring interprofessional education concepts across sites – experiences and recommendations for practice

Bibrack E, Horneff H, Krumm K, Hinrichs J, Mette M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc8 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article geriatric medicine

Interprofessional geriatric assessment in nursing home (IgAP): a curricular development in geriatrics

Röcker N, Wershofen B, Pudritz Y, Fischer MR, Auerbacher M, Fintz M, Drey M, Schmidmaier R
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc7 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article pain medicine

Interdisciplinary interactive blended learning concept in times of a pandemic – pain medicine “totally digital”

Schramm L, Friedrich P, Schüttler J, Lütcke B
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc6 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article digital peer teaching

How to... train your skills goes digital! A project report on the development and implementation of practice-oriented digital student tutorials

Heimbach M, Holzmann K, Stein P, Stief L, Berberat PO, Dirmeier M
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc5 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article journal clubs

Perception of journal club seminars by medical doctoral students: results from five years of evaluation

Taverna M, Bucher JN, Weniger M, Gropp R, Lee SM, Mayer B, Werner J, Bazhin AV
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc4 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article examination techniques

Endoscopic ear examination improves self-reported confidence in ear examination skills among undergraduate medical students compared with handheld otoscopy

Bassiouni M, Ahmed DG, Zabaneh SI, Dommerich S, Olze H, Arens P, Stölzel K
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc3 (20220215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
book review book review

Julia Genz, Paul Gévaudan, editors: Polyphonie in literarischen, medizinischen und pflegewissenschaftlichen Textsorten

Güzelsoy L
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc2 (20220215)
[Full Text] [PDF]
thanks acknowledgement

Acknowledgement to the reviewers of GMS Journal for Medical Education

Fischer MR, Fabry G
GMS J Med Educ 2022; 39(1):Doc1 (20220215)
[Full Text] [PDF]