gms | German Medical Science

GMS Journal for Medical Education

Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

ISSN 2366-5017


GMS Journal for Medical Education (GMS J Med Educ) – formerly GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung – publishes scientific articles on all aspects of undergraduate and graduate education in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy and other health professions. Research and review articles, project reports, short communications as well as discussion papers and comments may be submitted. Manuscripts may be submitted in English or German. Each Articles will be translated into the other language respectively. GMS Journal for Medical Education is published regularly as an unrestricted open access journal with at least four issues per year. In addition, special issues on current topics in medical education research are also published.

The journal is the organ of the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) ( Until 2015 the journal was published under its German name GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung.

Published articles are available worldwide to anyone who is interested: Without any delay, permanently, searchable and without costs. We cordially invite you to use our journal as a reader or as an author for the benefit of medical education.

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Recent Publications
GMS Journal for Medical Education Volume 37

Issue 5

editorial Lifelong Learning

Preparing students for lifelong learning by means of metacognition

Wijnen-Meijer M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc54 (20200915)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Faculty Development for Teaching

Didactic qualification of teaching staff in primary care medicine – a position paper of the Primary Care Committee of the Society for Medical Education

Böhme K, Streitlein-Böhme I, Baum E, Vollmar HC, Gulich M, Ehrhardt M, Fehr F, Huenges B, Woestmann B, Jendyk R
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc53 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Entrustable Professional Activities

Development and validation of a postgraduate anaesthesiology core curriculum based on Entrustable Professional Activities: a Delphi study

Moll-Khosrawi P, Ganzhorn A, Zöllner C, Schulte-Uentrop L
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc52 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Making Diagnoses

Learning to diagnose collaboratively: validating a simulation for medical students

Radkowitsch A, Fischer MR, Schmidmaier R, Fischer F
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc51 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Test Anxiety

Translation of a scale measuring cognitive test anxiety (G-CTAS) and its psychometric examination among medical students in Germany

Stefan A, Berchtold CM, Angstwurm M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc50 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Memory Performance

Spontaneously retrievable knowledge of German general practitioners depending on time since graduation, measured with the progress test medicine

Zupanic M, Kreuer J, Bauer D, Nouns ZM, Ehlers JP, Fischer MR
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc49 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Clinical Reasoning

Clinical Case Discussions – a novel, supervised peer-teaching format to promote clinical reasoning in medical students

Koenemann N, Lenzer B, Zottmann JM, Fischer MR, Weidenbusch M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc48 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Reflection

(Self-)Reflexion and training of professional skills in the context of “being a doctor” in the future – a qualitative analysis of medical students' experience in LET ME ... keep you real!

Scheide L, Teufel D, Wijnen-Meijer M, Berberat PO
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc47 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Feedback

Feedback in medical education – a workshop report with practical examples and recommendations

Thrien C, Fabry G, Härtl A, Kiessling C, Graupe T, Preusche I, Pruskil S, Schnabel KP, Sennekamp M, Rüttermann S, Wünsch A
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc46 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article How to: Blended Learning

Blended learning: ten tips on how to implement it into a curriculum in healthcare education

Hege I, Tolks D, Adler M, Härtl A
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(5):Doc45 (20200915)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 4

editorial Medical Education

Improvisation – a new strategy in medical education?

Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc44 (20200615)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Empathy

Relationship between empathy and motivation in undergraduate medical students

Findyartini A, Felaza E, Setyorini D, Mustika R
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc43 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Formative Assessment

Formative assessment of practical skills with peer-assessors: quality features of an OSCE in general medicine at the Heidelberg Medical Faculty

Möltner A, Lehmann M, Wachter C, Kurczyk S, Schwill S, Loukanova S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc42 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Formative Assessment

Comparison of the evaluation of formative assessment at two medical faculties with different conditions of undergraduate training, assessment and feedback

Schüttpelz-Brauns K, Karay Y, Arias J, Gehlhar K, Zupanic M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc41 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article OSCE

Standardized examinees: development of a new tool to evaluate factors influencing OSCE scores and to train examiners

Zimmermann P, Kadmon M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc40 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Instructional Videos

Development of an instructional movie illustrating a standardized clinical examination on patients with TMD symptoms

Rauch A, Hahnel SF, Schierz O
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc39 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Immunization

Evaluation of a vaccination seminar in regard to medical students' attitudes and their theoretical and practical vaccination-specific competencies

Rill V, Steffen B, Wicker S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc38 (20200615)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
commentary Health Professions Education

The academization of midwifery: State-wide implementation of the new law governing the education of midwives (Hebammenreformgesetz) is leading to heterogeneous education

Graf J, Zipfel S, Schönhardt S, Wallwiener D, Abele H
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(4):Doc37 (20200615)
[Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 3

editorial Current Situation

After the game is before the game!

Nikendei C
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc36 (20200415)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article E-Learning

Development of an interactive e-learning software “Histologie für Mediziner” for medical histology courses and its overall impact on learning outcomes and motivation

Drees C, Ghebremedhin E, Hansen M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc35 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Studying Abroad

International mobility of students in the medical disciplines from a comparative perspective

Gartmeier M, Reimer M, Huber J, Epstein N, Fischer MR, Berberat PO
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc34 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Master of Medical Education

Do it together! Conception and long-term results of the trans-institutional Master of Medical Education (MME) program in Germany

Jünger J, Pante SV, Ackel-Eisnach K, Wagener S, Fischer MR
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc33 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

The German interprofessional attitudes scale: translation, cultural adaptation, and validation

Pedersen TH, Cignacco E, Meuli J, Habermann F, Berger-Estilita J, Greif R
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc32 (20200415)
With Erratum (Apr 16, 2020)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article OSCE

Predictive validity of a tool to resolve borderline grades in OSCEs

Klein Nulend R, Harris P, Shulruf B
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc31 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Outpatient Medicine

The “practice track” – How can teaching content related to outpatient healthcare be integrated into medical studies? Learning objectives, conception and implementation of a specialized voluntary program

Becker N, Barthen L, Pauscher L, Gerlach FM, Sader R, Ravens-Taeuber G
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc30 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Family Medicine

“Landpartie 2.0” – Conceptual development and implementation of a longitudinal priority program to promote family medicine in rural areas

Seeger L, Becker N, Ravens-Taeuber G, Sennekamp M, Gerlach FM
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc29 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Train the Trainer

Train the trainer course for general practice trainers in ambulatory care: the Berlin model

Sonntag U, Koch A, Bayer G, Heintze C, Döpfmer S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(3):Doc28 (20200415)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 2: Diversity in medical education/Diversity in der medizinischen Aus- und Weiterbildung

editorial Diversity

Diversity in Medical Education

Ludwig S, Gruber C, Ehlers JP, Ramspott S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc27 (20200316)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Current approaches to the integration of sex- and gender-specific medicine in teaching: a qualitative expert survey

Clever K, Richter C, Meyer G
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc26 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Does diversity go beyond sex and gender? Gender as social category of diversity training in health profession education – a scoping review

Siller H, Tauber G, Hochleitner M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc25 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Gender sensitivity in career mentoring – a project report from the Medical Faculty of Leipzig University

Gaida P, Kujumdshiev S, Stengler K
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc24 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Disability & Diversity Studies as a professional basis for diversity-aware education and training in medicine

Dungs S, Pichler C, Reiche R
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc23 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Are all LGBTQI+ patients white and male? Good practices and curriculum gaps in sexual and gender minority health issues in a Dutch medical curriculum

Muntinga M, Beuken J, Gijs L, Verdonk P
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc22 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Design

Medicine in Context: ten years’ experience in diversity education for medical students in Greater Western Sydney, Australia

Marjadi B, Mapedzahama V, Rogers G, Donnelly M, Harris A, Donadel D, Jakstas E, Dune T, Lo W, Micheal S, McKnight T, Hennessy A, Ganapathy VA, Pacey F
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc21 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Evaluation

Lecture series on gender medicine at Innsbruck and Vienna medical universities: a teaching format in comparison

Steinböck S, Nachtschatt U, Hochleitner M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc20 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Evaluation

Evaluation of curricular relevance and actual integration of sex/gender and cultural competencies by final year medical students: effects of student diversity subgroups and curriculum

Ludwig S, Dettmer S, Wurl W, Seeland U, Maaz A, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc19 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Faculty Development

Medical education leadership: from diversity to inclusivity

LeBlanc C, Sonnenberg LK, King S, Busari J
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc18 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Compatibility of Study and Family

Challenges and implementation of the German maternity protection act for female medical students in macroscopic anatomical education

Kulisch C, Langheinrich J, Heuckendorf E, Vida I, Brunk I
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc17 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Study Environment

“It's hard to speak up”: Lessons learned from engaging U.S. white college men in conversations on racism

Vianden J, Gruber C
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc16 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Study Environment

Focus on gender – medical students' gender-specific perception and attitudes towards the burdens of everyday student life

Steiner-Hofbauer V, Capan Melser M, Holzinger A
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc15 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Patient Safety

The relevance of cultural diversity on safety culture: a CIRS data analysis to identify problem areas and competency requirements of professionals in healthcare institutions

Babitsch B, Bretz L, Mansholt H, Götz NA
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc14 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Medical students' ratings of the relevance and actual implementation of interprofessional education and preferences for teaching formats: comparison by gender and prior education

Behrend R, Czeskleba A, Rollinger T, Petzold M, Roa Romero Y, Raspe R, Maaz A, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(2):Doc13 (20200316)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 1

editorial Editor's request

Letter to the readers: proposal for a new year's resolution

Hautz W
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc12 (20200217)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article ECG appraisal

The influence of prompts on final year medical students' learning process and achievement in ECG interpretation

Berndt M, Thomas F, Bauer D, Härtl A, Hege I, Kääb S, Fischer MR, Heitzmann N
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc11 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Child-welfare

Possibilities of dissemination of specialist knowledge and acting capacity in the field of child protection in medicine: a qualitative survey

Maier A, Rassenhofer M, Hoffmann U, Fegert JM
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc10 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Expectations, training and evaluation of intensive care staff to an interprofessional simulation course in Germany – Development of a relevant training concept

Flentje M, Friedrich L, Eismann H, Koppert W, Ruschulte H
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc9 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Problem-based Learning

Does the tutors' academic background influence the learning objectives in problem-based learning?

Grasl MC, Kremser K, Breckwoldt J, Gleiss A
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc8 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Development of the Greifswald questionnaire for the measurement of interprofessional attitudes

Lange S, Partecke M, Meissner K, Heß U, Hiemisch A
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc7 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Progress testing

Measuring competency-relevant knowledge in the competency-oriented student progress test

Möltner A, Wagener S, Burkert M
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc6 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Research in Medical Education

Studies on acceptance, evaluation and impact of the Cologne program “Research and Medical Studies”

Moritz S, Halawi A, Proksch C, Werner JM, Paulsson M, Rothschild M, Stosch C
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc5 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Child-welfare

Protecting children across borders – child protection in an international context (Germany/Switzerland) as an interprofessional teaching unit

Krampe F, Peters S, Straub C, Bode S
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc4 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Risk communication

Development, implementation, and evaluation of a curriculum for medical students on conflicts of interest and communicating risk

Deis N, Koch C, Dreimüller N, Gaitzsch E, Weißkircher J, Jünger J, Lieb K
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc3 (20200217)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Prof. Peter Erich Dieter, PhD: 22.02.1952 – 25.12.2019

Hahn EG
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc2 (20200217)
[Full Text] [PDF]
thanks Acknowledgement

Acknowledgement to the reviewers of GMS Journal for Medical Education

Fischer MR, Fabry G
GMS J Med Educ 2020; 37(1):Doc1 (20200217)
[Full Text] [PDF]