gms | German Medical Science

68th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)
7th Joint Meeting with the British Neurosurgical Society (SBNS)

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

14 - 17 May 2017, Magdeburg

Fibertracking in Deep Brain Stimulation:Comparing two sets of regions of interest to delineate cerebellar thalamic fibers

Meeting Abstract

  • Judith Anthofer - Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Deutschland
  • Faltermeier Rupert - Regensburg, Deutschland
  • Max Lange - Uniklinik Regensburg, UKR, Neurochirurgie, Regensburg, Deutschland
  • Alexander T. Brawanski - Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Deutschland
  • Jürgen Schlaier - Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurochirurgie, Regensburg, Deutschland

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Society of British Neurological Surgeons. 68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), 7. Joint Meeting mit der Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS). Magdeburg, 14.-17.05.2017. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2017. DocMO.06.02

doi: 10.3205/17dgnc032, urn:nbn:de:0183-17dgnc0320

Published: June 9, 2017

© 2017 Anthofer et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See license information at



Objective: The thesis of targeting fiber tracts rather than nuclei in deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been discussed for many years now. MRI based diffusion tractography seems to be a thrilling, non invasive tool to depict the fiber tracts of interest and to improve target planning. Here, we present and compare two different methods of tracing cerebellar- thalamic connections and try to validate the methods’ anatomic accuracy.

Methods: Data of 6 patients who have received DBS in our center were analyzed. As part of the preoperative MR-imaging, diffusion weighted images (DWI) with 12 and 64 read out directions were performed. On these image data sets, we performed deterministic fiber tracking (iPlan Stereotaxy software, Brainlab) and probabilistic fiber tracking (FSL software) placing the regions of interest (ROI) in the contralateral dentate nucleus, superior cerebellar peduncle and ipsilatetal red nucleus (dentate-rubro-thalmic-tract, DRTT). For further comparison, we performed deterministic fiber tracking (12 and 64 read out directions) of the cortico-thalamic-cerebellar-tract, CTC, with ROIs set in the ipsilateral red nucleus and primary motor cortex. We compared the tracts´ center of mass and the tracts´closest distance to the atlas based VIM target-point.

Results: The deterministic algorithm could not depict the DRTT in data sets with 64 read out directions in ten of twelve hemispheres. The depiction of the CTC was successful in all hemispheres, with deterministic tractography. Probabilistic tractography presented a robust delineation of the DRTT in all hemispheres. The distance from the atlas based VIM target to the center of mass of the CTC compared to the DRTT was significantly shorter (p=0.02) when tracked deterministically with 12 read out directions.

Conclusion: The detection of the CTC with deterministic fibertracking is more robust than the detection of the DRTT especially when DWIs with higher numbers of gradient directions are used. Noteworthy, the courses of CTC and DRTT are not congruent.