gms | German Medical Science

60th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)
Joint Meeting with the Benelux countries and Bulgaria

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

24 - 27 May 2009, Münster

The impact of microscope-integrated intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography on the surgery of arteriovenous malformations

Meeting Abstract

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  • D. Hänggi - Neurochirugische Klinik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
  • H.-J. Steiger - Neurochirugische Klinik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 60. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit den Benelux-Ländern und Bulgarien. Münster, 24.-27.05.2009. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2009. DocDI.06-09

doi: 10.3205/09dgnc152, urn:nbn:de:0183-09dgnc1522

Published: May 20, 2009

© 2009 Hänggi et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: Microscope-based intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography was shown to be useful and as an adjunct to intra- or postoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in aneurysm surgery. The goal of the present study was to evaluate intraoperative ICG videoangiography in arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) surgery.

Methods: Patients with AVM evaluated for surgical treatment were enhanced to the study prospectively. The ICG technique was performed microscope-integrated (Carl Zeiss Co., Oberkochen, Germany). ICG videoangiography sequences were analyzed time related to differentiate between arterial, early venous, capillary and venous filling. Furthermore the ICG videoangiography was compared with the pre- and postoperative angiography.

Results: 29 ICG videoangiographies were performed in 12 patients in 12 operative procedures. In 28 ICG investigations the image quality and spatial resolution was excellent to analyze the arterial, early-venous, capillary and venous phases. As a result a real-time evaluation of the angioarchitecture of parts or the complete vascular pathology was possible and comparable with images of DS angiographies. In two cases the ICG videoangiography provided information to change the surgical procedure. In all cases, the postoperative angiogram corresponds to the ICG examination performed to control the resection quality. At last, no side effects were observed after the injections of ICG. In one patient with a deep thalamic AVM the final ICG investigation was not conclusive due to probably the depth of the surgical field.

Conclusions: Microscope-integrated ICG videoangiography in AVM and dAVF surgery provides useful information about intraoperative configuration and residual nidus detection. This simple and safe real-time feedback could be considered as a useful additional tool for the surgeon.