gms | German Medical Science

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2016)

25.10. - 28.10.2016, Berlin

Cumulative 30-year followup after bernese periacetabular osteotomy

Meeting Abstract

  • presenting/speaker Till Lerch - Inselspital, Universitätsspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Simon Steppacher - Inselspital, Universitätsspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Moritz Tannast - Chirurgische Orthopädie und Traumatologie, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Klaus-Arno Siebenrock - Inselspital, Universitätsspital, Bern, Switzerland

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2016). Berlin, 25.-28.10.2016. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2016. DocWI20-704

doi: 10.3205/16dkou093, urn:nbn:de:0183-16dkou0938

Veröffentlicht: 10. Oktober 2016

© 2016 Lerch et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open-Access-Artikel und steht unter den Lizenzbedingungen der Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (Namensnennung). Lizenz-Angaben siehe



Introduction: Since its first description in 1988, periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has become the gold-standard worldwide in surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Several long-term studies have proven the efficacy of this procedure. In this study, we evaluated the mean 30-years results of this procedure of the first 63 patients operated at the institution where this procedure had been developed.

Questions: We determined the (1) cumulative 30-year survivorship of symptomatic patients treated with this procedure, determined the (2) clinical and (3) radiographic outcomes of the surviving hips, and (4) identified factors predicting the need for total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the first 63 patients (75 hips) who underwent periacetabular osteotomy between 1984-1989. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 29 years (range, 13-56 years), and preoperatively 24% presented with advanced grades of osteoarthritis (Tönnis higher than Grade 1). All patients were invited for a regular clinical and radiographical follow-up 30 years after surgery. 2 patients (3 hips) died during the follow up period.

(1) We calculated the cumulative survivorship of the hip according to Kaplan-Meier with conversion to THA as the only endpoint. In addition, we assessed the (2) Merle d'Aubigné and the Harris Hip Score and assessed (3) radiographic progression of osteoarthritis according to Tönnis in the surviving hips. (4) A Cox-regression model was used to calculate predictors for failure.

Results: (1) The cumulative survivorship of the hip at 30 years was 32% (95% confidence interval 17-47%). 46 hips (61.3%) had subsequently undergone THA. (2) The Merle d'Aubigné score of the surviving hips was 10+/-4 (range, 2-17), which was significantly lower compared to the 10 years, and 20-years results and even to the preoperative value. (3) The majority of the preserved hips presented with radiographic progression of osteoarthritis. (4) The following predictors for failure were identified: age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.05), decreased preoperative internal rotation (HR 1.03), decreased preoperative external rotation (HR 1.03), preoperative limb (HR 1.57), positive preoperative impingement sign (HR 4.7), preoperative radiographic osteoarthritis (HR 2.8).

Conclusion: Thirty years postoperatively, almost one third of hips undergoing PAO for DDH can be preserved. Periacetabular osteotomy is an effective technique for treating symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip.