gms | German Medical Science

GMS Journal for Medical Education

Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

ISSN 2366-5017

GMS Journal for Medical Education Volume 36

Issue 6: Clinical Reasoning/Klinische Entscheidungsfindung

article Virtual Patients

Guessing right – whether and how medical students give incorrect reasons for their correct diagnoses

Braun LT, Borrmann KF, Lottspeich C, Heinrich DA, Kiesewetter J, Fischer MR, Schmidmaier R
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc85 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Evidence Based Medicine

How confident are medical students about making clinical decisions relying on the evidence? A cross-sectional questionnaire study

Frank L, Hueber S, van der Keylen P, Roos M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc84 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Clinical Reasoning

Medical knowledge and teamwork predict the quality of case summary statements as an indicator of clinical reasoning in undergraduate medical students

Fürstenberg S, Oubaid V, Berberat PO, Kadmon M, Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc83 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
short communication Medical Decision Making

Decision-making towards the end of life – in which way does clinical and ethical reasoning enter QB 13 in palliative medicine?

Alt-Epping B, Scherg A
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc82 (20191115)
[Full Text] [PDF]
short communication Clinical Reasoning

Clinical reasoning – an approach for decision-making in education and training for biomedical scientists

Homberg A, Oberhauser H, Kaap-Fröhlich S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc81 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
commentary Case-based Learning

Complexity of clinical cases in simulated learning environments: proposal for a scoring system

Braun LT, Lenzer B, Fischer MR, Schmidmaier R
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc80 (20191115)
[Full Text] [PDF]
editorial Curriculum Design

Integration in the light of curriculum design

Wijnen-Meijer M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc79 (20191115)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Assessment Methods

Assessment methods in medical specialist assessments in the DACH region – overview, critical examination and recommendations for further development

Thiessen N, Fischer MR, Huwendiek S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc78 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Training for Tutors

Three different ways of training ultrasound student-tutors yield significant gains in tutee’s scanning-skills

Celebi N, Griewatz J, Ilg M, Zipfel S, Riessen R, Hoffmann T, Malek NP, Pauluschke-Fröhlich J, Debove I, Muller R, Fröhlich E
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc77 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Vocational Choice

Criteria of medical students for the selection of their future clinical specialisation: a cross-sectional survey at the Medical Faculty of Rostock

Gebhard A, Müller-Hilke B
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc76 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Master of Medical Education

Individual and institutional influencing factors on completion rates in a medical education master’s program in Germany

Heide S, Pante SV, Fleig A, Möltner A, Leis S, Fritz AH, Jünger J, Fischer MR
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc75 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Primary Health Care

Experiencing and designing community-based medicine – development and evaluation of an elective based on explorative learning

Herrmann WJ, Gehrke-Beck S, Heintze C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc74 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Development

Longitudinal curriculum development: gradual optimization of a biochemistry seminar

Schneider A, Kühl M, Kühl SJ
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc73 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article ECG

A qualitative study on the development and rectification of advanced medical students’ misconceptions about the physiological electrocardiogram (ECG)

Trauschke M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc72 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Family Medicine

Piloting a blended-learning concept for integrating evidence-based medicine into the general practice clerkship

Engel B, Esser M, Bleckwenn M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc71 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article EPAs

Entrustable Professional Activities in final year undergraduate medical training – advancement of the final year training logbook in Germany

Berberat PO, Rotthoff T, Baerwald C, Ehrhardt M, Huenges B, Johannink J, Narciss E, Obertacke U, Peters H, Kadmon M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc70 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article EPAs

Implementing a logbook on entrustable professional activities in the final year of undergraduate medical education in Germany – a multicentric pilot study

Schick K, Eissner A, Wijnen-Meijer M, Johannink J, Huenges B, Ehrhardt M, Kadmon M, Berberat PO, Rotthoff T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc69 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Interprofessional nutrition management – implementation and evaluation of a course for medical and nursing students using research-based learning method

Wesselborg B, Hoenen M, Adam-Paffrath R, Kuske S, Schendel L, Grünewald M, Wilm S, Rotthoff T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc68 (20191115)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
book review Medical Consultation

Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Simone Alvarez, Christoph Nikendei: Heidelberger Standardgespräche: Handlungsanweisungen zur ärztlichen Gesprächsführung mit zahlreichen kommentierten Filmbeispielen

Philipp S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc67 (20191115)
[Full Text] [PDF]
book review Examination

René Krebs: Prüfen mit Multiple Choice: Kompetent planen, entwickeln, durchführen und auswerten

Schuwirth L
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(6):Doc66 (20191115)
[Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 5: 20 years of reformed medical education programmes in german-speaking countries/20 Jahre Modellstudiengänge im deutschsprachigen Raum

editorial Medical Education Reform

20 years of model curricula in German-speaking countries

Kiessling C, Rotthoff T, Schnabel KP, Stosch C, Begenau J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc65 (20191015)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

Looking back: twenty years of reforming undergraduate medical training and curriculum frameworks in Switzerland

Bonvin R, Nendaz M, Frey P, Schnabel KP, Huwendiek S, Schirlo C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc64 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

Bologna backstage – experiences from behind the scenes of the reforms of the Basel medical curriculum

Voigt G, Wilde M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc63 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The Berlin reformed curriculum in undergraduate medical education: a retrospective of the development history, principles, and termination

Begenau J, Kiessling C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc62 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

History and development of medical studies at the University of Witten/Herdecke – an example of “continuous reform”

Frost K, Edelhäuser F, Hofmann M, Tauschel D, Lutz G
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc61 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The Aachen model study course in medicine – development and implementation. Fifteen years of a reformed medical curriculum at RWTH Aachen University

Simon M, Martens A, Finsterer S, Sudmann S, Arias J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc60 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

15 years of the model study course in medicine at the Ruhr University Bochum

Burger A, Huenges B, Köster U, Thomas M, Woestmann B, Lieverscheidt H, Rusche HH, Schäfer T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc59 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

Fifteen years of the cologne medical model study course: has the expectation of increasing student interest in general practice specialization been fulfilled?

Zims H, Karay Y, Neugebauer P, Herzig S, Stosch C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc58 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

HannibaL – the model curriculum at Hannover Medical School: targets, implementation and experiences

Paulmann V, Fischer V, Just I
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc57 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The development of the internal medicine courses at Hannover Medical School from 2001 to 2018

Bintaro P, Schneidewind S, Fischer V
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc56 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Final Year

Restructuring the final year of the model study programme MaReCuM at the Medical Faculty Mannheim: the academic quarter in ambulatory medicine

Liebke L, Narciß E, Obertacke U, Fritz-Joas H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc55 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The modular curriculum of medicine at the Charité Berlin – a project report based on an across-semester student evaluation

Hitzblech T, Maaz A, Rollinger T, Ludwig S, Dettmer S, Wurl W, Roa-Romero Y, Raspe R, Petzold M, Breckwoldt J, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc54 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The scientific term paper at the Charité: a project report on concept, implementation, and students' evaluation and learning

Drees S, Schmitzberger F, Grohmann G, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc53 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The Hamburg integrated medical degree program iMED

Rheingans A, Soulos A, Mohr S, Meyer J, Guse AH
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc52 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Currriculum Overview

The model medical degree programme “human medicine” in Oldenburg – the European Medical School Oldenburg-Groningen

Gehlhar K
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc51 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Core Curriculum and Options

Reformed conventional curriculum promoting the professional interest orientation of students of medicine: JENOS

Ehlers C, Wiesener N, Teichgräber U, Guntinas-Lichius O
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc50 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum Overview

The Brandenburg reformed medical curriculum: study locally, work locally

Winkelmann A, Schendzielorz J, Maske D, Arends P, Bohne C, Hölzer H, Harre K, Nübel J, Otto B, Oess S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc49 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
commentary Curriculum Cordination

A teaching coordinator’s nightmare?

Winkelmann A
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(5):Doc48 (20191015)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 4

editorial Medical education

When strategy must follow structure…

Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc47 (20190815)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Masterplan Medical Education

Position of the advisory and executive board of the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) regarding the “masterplan for medical studies 2020”

German Association for Medical Education GMA, Advisory Board
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc46 (20190815)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Feedback

The frequency of using certain feedback methods in the teaching of medicine: a survey of teachers at the medical faculties in Baden-Wurttemberg

Kunz K, Burkert M, Heindl F, Schüttpelz-Brauns K, Giesler M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc45 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Medical Students – Perfectionism

Longitudinal development of different dimensions of perfectionism in undergraduate medical students with respect to their medical school admission procedure

Vogel D, Seeliger H, Harendza S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc44 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Medical Students – Critical Thinking

A causal model of critical thinking in a sample of Iranian medical students: associations with self-esteem, hardiness, and positive affect

Faramarzi M, Khafri S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc43 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Feedback

Implementation of online peer feedback for student self-reflection – first steps on the development of a feedback culture at a medical faculty

Raski B, Eissner A, Gummersbach E, Wilm S, Hempel L, Dederichs M, Rotthoff T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc42 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Economy in Medicine

What understanding of economics do medical students have?

Spura A, Werwick K, Robra BP, Stallmann C, March S, Ladebeck N, Braun-Dullaeus R, Stieger P
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc41 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Deliberate practice

Quantifying the medical student learning curve for ECG rhythm strip interpretation using deliberate practice

Waechter J, Reading D, Lee CH, Walker M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc40 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Competence in Hygiene

Why hand hygiene is not sufficient: modeling hygiene competence of clinical staff as a basis for its development and assessment

Gartmeier M, Baumgartner M, Burgkart R, Heiniger S, Berberat PO
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc39 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Final year

What reasons do final-year medical students give for choosing the hospitals for their clinical training phases? A quantitative content analysis

Homberg A, Narciß E, Schüttpelz-Brauns K
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc38 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Methods: Debates

Systematic review of the use of debates in health professions education – does it work?

Ang RX, Chew QH, Sum MY, Sengupta S, Sim K
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc37 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Outpatient Medicine

Competence-based teaching and learning in the outpatient clinic: development of a clinical elective in ambulatory medicine

Schimbeno V, Bosle C, Stegmeier-Petroianu A, Etminan N, Hoffmann K
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc36 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Implementing MIA – Mannheim's interprofessional training ward: first evaluation results

Mette M, Baur C, Hinrichs J, Oestreicher-Krebs E, Narciß E
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc35 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Clinical Skills

Undergraduate ultrasound education at German-speaking medical faculties: a survey

Wolf R, Geuthel N, Gnatzy F, Rotzoll D
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc34 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
short report Clinical Reasoning

Design and implementation of virtual patients for learning of clinical reasoning

Huwendiek S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(4):Doc33 (20190815)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 3

editorial Interprofessional Education

Improvement of patient orientation and patient safety in health care – from competency-based and interprofessional medical education to cross-sector care

Jünger J, Nagel E
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc32 (20190516)
[Full Text] [PDF]
position paper Simulated Patients

Minimum standards and development perspectives for the use of simulated patients – a position paper of the committee for simulated patients of the German Association for Medical Education

Peters T, Sommer M, Fritz AH, Kursch A, Thrien C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc31 (20190516)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Clinical Clerkships

Challenging cases during clinical clerkships beyond the domain of the “medical expert”: an analysis of students' case vignettes

Bächli P, Meindl-Fridez C, Weiss-Breckwoldt AN, Breckwoldt J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc30 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Problem-based Learning

Student perception of the effect of problem familiarity on group discussion quality in a problem-based learning environment

Abdalla ME, Eladl MA
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc29 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Family Medicine

The teaching and learning environment of a primary care medical student clinical attachment (“Famulatur”) – a qualitative study on experiences of students and primary care physicians in Germany

Gottlob K, Joos S, Haumann H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc28 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Simulated Patients

Simulated patients in medical education – a survey on the current status in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

Sommer M, Fritz AH, Thrien C, Kursch A, Peters T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc27 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Assessment

Fairness and objectivity of a multiple scenario objective structured clinical examination

Spanke J, Raus C, Haase A, Angelow A, Ludwig F, Weckmann G, Schmidt CO, Chenot JF
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc26 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Family Medicine

Strategies for rural areas: The development of and initial experiences with a training course for physicians from third countries to prepare them for medical practice in Germany

Hahn K, Steinhäuser J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc25 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Education

Heterogeneous learning cultures in interprofessional education: a teacher training

Behrend R, Mette M, Partecke M, Reichel K, Wershofen B
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc24 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
commentary Lectures

Medical lectures upgraded: 11 hacks from comedy

Unteregger F, Mayer P
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(3):Doc23 (20190516)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 2: Patient safety/Patientensicherheit

editorial Patient safety

Patient Safety Education in German speaking countries: first successes and blind spots

Kiesewetter J, Drossard S, Manser T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc22 (20190315)
[Full Text] [PDF]
editorial Patient safety

Patient safety: a new basic science for professional education

Wu AW, Busch IM
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc21 (20190315)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum development

Concept and contents of a voluntary course for medical students' achievement of a basic qualification in patient safety during the practical year of medical studies

Opitz E, Heinis S, Jerrentrup A
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc20 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Teamwork

Patient handover – the poor relation of medical training?

Hinding B, Deis N, Gornostayeva M, Götz C, Jünger J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc19 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Final-Year

Patient safety during final-year clerkships: A qualitative study of possible error sources and of the potential of Entrustable Professional Activities

Czeskleba A, Holzhausen Y, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc18 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Simulation-based training

“Hopefully, I will never forget that again” – sensitizing medical students for drug safety by working on cases and simulating doctor-patient communication

Kirsch V, Johannsen W, Thrien C, Herzig S, Matthes J
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc17 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Media-supported education

Practice makes perfect! Patient safety starts in medical school: Do instructional videos improve clinical skills and hygiene procedures in undergraduate medical students?

Bäwert A, Holzinger A
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc16 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Simulation-based training

Hygiene in medical education – Increasing patient safety through the implementation of practical training in infection prevention

Richter A, Chaberny IF, Surikow A, Schock B
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc15 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Safety culture

Patient safety culture in a university hospital emergency department in Switzerland – a survey study

Ricklin ME, Hess F, Hautz WE
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc14 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional education

Patient safety – Development, implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional teaching concept

Wipfler K, Hoffmann JE, Mitzkat A, Mahler C, Frankenhauser S
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc13 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Curriculum development

Patient safety in undergraduate medical education: Implementation of the topic in the anaesthesiology core curriculum at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

Hoffmann N, Kubitz JC, Goetz AE, Beckers SK
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc12 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional education

Impact of interprofessional education for medical and nursing students on the nutritional management of in-patients

Braun B, Grünewald M, Adam-Paffrath R, Wesselborg B, Wilm S, Schendel L, Hoenen M, Müssig K, Rotthoff T
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(2):Doc11 (20190315)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

Issue 1

editorial Medical student admission

Who is allowed to study medicine? – regulations and evidence

Hampe W, Kadmon M
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc10 (20190215)
[Full Text] [PDF]
article Family Medicine

What influence do courses at medical school and personal experience have on interest in practicing family medicine? – Results of a student survey in Hessia

Bien A, Ravens-Taeuber G, Stefanescu MC, Gerlach FM, Güthlin C
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc9 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Emergency Medicine

Instructors for on-the-job training of advanced paramedics – definition of competencies and development of a quality management tool for a "High Responsibility Organization"

Flentje M, Böhmelt D, Sieg L, Eismann H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc8 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Reproductive Medicine

Is the clinician an independent variable in embryo transfer outcomes under standardized direct and indirect supervision? A 5-year observational cohort study

Mittal M, Supramaniam PR, Lim LN, Hamoda H, Savvas M, Narvekar N
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc7 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Motivation

Motivation as an important criterion for graduation among medical students admitted from the waiting list

Herbst CV, Müller-Hilke B
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc6 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Competency Based Assessment

Development of Entrustable Professional Activities for entry into residency at the Charité Berlin

Holzhausen Y, Maaz A, Renz A, Bosch J, Peters H
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc5 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Interprofessional Learning

Suggestions for interprofessional educational courses from a students' perspective – a qualitative study

Schwarzbeck V, Hundertmark J, Wipfler K, Mahler C, Frankenhauser S, Schultz JH
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc4 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Student Selection

Qualitative Studies on Implicit Criteria during the Individualized Selection Procedure for Medical Studies at Witten/Herdecke University (UW/H)

Zupanic M, Ehlers JP, Fricke J, Gerken RM, Hofmann M, Nitsche J, Fischer MR, Bauer D
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc3 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
article Language Tests

Language Matters: Development of an Objective Structured Language Test for Foreign Physicians – Results of a Pilot Study in Germany

Lenz H, Opitz A, Huber D, Jacobs F, Paik WG, Roche J, Fischer MR
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc2 (20190215)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]
thanks Acknowledgement

Acknowledgement to the Reviewers of GMS Journal for Medical Education

Fischer MR, Fabry G
GMS J Med Educ 2019; 36(1):Doc1 (20190215)
[Full Text] [PDF]