gms | German Medical Science

104th DOG Annual Meeting

21. - 24.09.2006, Berlin

Histological features of chronic dacryocystitis

Meeting Abstract

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  • P.-Y. Robert - Service d’Ophtalmologie, CHU de Limoges, France
  • J.-P. Adenis - Service d’Ophtalmologie, CHU de Limoges, France

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e.V.. 104. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft (DOG). Berlin, 21.-24.09.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc06dogSA.16.03

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 18, 2006

© 2006 Robert et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.




To investigate histological features of lacrimal mucosa in chronic dacryocystitis, and to precise the interest of histological examination following dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).


We compare histological findings from cadaver dissections and from living patients undergoing DCR in various conditions, using standard histology and electron microscopy.


Chronic dacryocystitis induces rarifaction of goblet cells, metaplasia of mucosa and inflammatory deposits in the stroma. The role of the Mucosa Associated Lymphoid Tissue is discussed. Dacryolithiasis are found in up to 11% of dacryocystorhinostomy pieces. Differential diagnosis with tumors of the lacrimal apparatus are discussed.


Histological examination of lacrimal mucosa after DCR should be promoted as a way to evaluate the quality of lacrimal mucosa, and to disclose dacryolithiasis or malignant tumors of the lacrimal apparatus.