gms | German Medical Science

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, 75. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 97. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 52. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

25. - 28.10.2011, Berlin

Autologous Matrix-induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC) aided reconstruction of osteochondral lesions of the talus

Meeting Abstract

  • M. Wiewiorski - Universitätsspital Basel, Orthopädische Klinik, Basel, Switzerland
  • M. Miska - Universitätsspital Basel, Orthopädische Klinik, Basel, Switzerland
  • A. Leumann - Universitätsspital Basel, Orthopädie und Traumatologie, Basel, Switzerland
  • V. Valderrabano - Universitätsspital Basel, Orthopädische Klinik, Bewegungszentrum Untere Extremität, Basel, Switzerland

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie. 75. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 97. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 52. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie. Berlin, 25.-28.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. DocWI45-329

DOI: 10.3205/11dkou270, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11dkou2704

Published: October 18, 2011

© 2011 Wiewiorski et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Questionnaire: Osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the talus remain a challenging therapeutic task to orthopaedic surgeons. Several operative techniques are available for treatment, e.g. autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), osteochondral autograft transfer system (OATS), matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI). Good early results are reported; however, disadvantages are sacrifice of healthy cartilage of another joint or necessity of a two-stage procedure. This case describes a novel, one-step operative treatment of OCL of the talus utilizing the autologous matrixinduced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique in combination with a collagen I/III membrane.

Methods: 20 patients (8 female, 12 male; mean age 36, range 17-55 years) were assessed in our outpatient clinic for unilateral OCL of the talus. Preoperative assessment included the AOFAS hindfoot scale, conventional radiography, magnetresonancetomography (MRI) and SPECT-CT. Surgical procedure consisted of debridement of the OCL, spongiosa plasty from the iliac crest and coverage with the I/III collagen membrane (Chondrogide, Geistlich Biomaterials, Wolhusen, Switzerland). Clinical and radiological followup was performed after one year.

Results and Conclusions: The mean preoperative AOFAS hindfoot scale was poor with 63.1 points (SD 19.6). At one year followup the score improved significantly (p<0.01) to 86 points (SD 12). At one year followup conventional radiographs showed osseous integration of the graft in all cases. MRI at one year showed intact cartilage covering the lesions in all cases.

The clinical and radiological results at one year followup are comparable with the results of ACI, OATS and MACI. The AMIC procedure is a readily available, economically efficient, one step surgical procedure. No culturing after chondrocyte harvesting or destruction of viable cartilage is necessary.