gms | German Medical Science

78. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

16.05. - 20.05.2007, München

Expression of apoptosis-related genes in the cochlea of the newborn rat

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author Birgit Mazurek - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Dept. of ORL, Berlin, Germany
  • author Heidemarie Haupt - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Dept. of ORL, Berlin, Germany
  • author Johann Gross - Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Dept. of ORL, Berlin, Germany

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 78th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Munich, 16.-20.05.2007. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2007. Doc07hno037

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2007/07hno037.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 8. August 2007

© 2007 Mazurek et al.
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Gliederung

Text

Introduction: To study the molecular mechanism of adaptation to hypoxia in the inner ear tissues, we used organotypic cochlear cultures. The expression of apoptosis-related genes induced by normoxic and hypoxic culture conditions was determined.

Methods: mRNA expression from the organ of Corti (OC), modiolus (MOD) and stria vascularis (SV) freshly isolated from newborn rats (3-5 days old) was compared to the mRNA expression from tissues cultured 24 h under normoxic and hypoxic conditions using microarray and quantitative real time RT-PCR.

Results: In the control fresh tissues, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD-1) and calpain-1 mRNA were most prominently expressed. Normoxic culture induced remarkable region-specific changes of SODs and caspases. In the OC, SODs remained unchanged, but the pro-apoptotic genes caspase-2, caspase-3, caspase-6 and calpain-1 decreased. In the MOD, the mitochondrial SOD-2 and the extracellular SOD-3 were up-regulated, and the pro-apoptotic caspase-6 was down-regulated. In the SV, SOD-2 increased, and the caspases-2, -3, -6 decreased. Hypoxia induced changes of only two genes as compared to the normoxic cultures. The expression of caspase-6 increased in the OC, whereas the expression of SOD-2 increased in the MOD and decreased in the SV.

Conclusions: We have shown that various culture conditions induce different expression pattern of apoptosis-related genes in the organotypic cochlear cultures as compared to freshly isolated tissues. This transcriptional pattern may reflect the survival ability of specific tissues and could become a tempting target for a pharmacological intervention in selected inner ear diseases.