gms | German Medical Science

102. Jahrestagung der DOG

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V.

23. bis 26.09.2004, Berlin

The relative influence of ageing on taurine transport across Bruch's choroid and the retinal pigment epithelium

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author J. Hillenkamp - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK; Dept. of Ophthalmology, Regensburg University, Regensburg
  • A. A. Hussain - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK
  • T. L. Jackson - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK
  • J. R. Cunningham - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK
  • P. Constable - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK
  • J. Marshall - Dept. of Ophthalmology, GKT, St. Thomas` Hospital, London/UK

Evidenzbasierte Medizin - Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. 102. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin, 23.-26.09.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dogDO.03.05

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dog2004/04dog022.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 22. September 2004

© 2004 Hillenkamp et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective

To evaluate the relative influence of ageing on transport of taurine (TT) across Bruch's choroid (BC) and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

Methods

Isolated specimens of bovine non-tapetal Bruch's choroid (n=5, age<3 years) were mounted in modified Ussing chambers in Krebs` buffer with and without RPE. RPE-viability was monitored by recording transepithelial voltage and resistance. TT over a period of 2 hours was measured across bovine Bruch's choroid with and without RPE by high-performance liquid chromatography and radio-labelling. A high substrate concentration of 10 mM to saturate both high and low affinity taurine carriers and a low substrate concentration of 50 μM to model plasma taurine levels was used. Uptake of 3H-taurine into isolated human RPE of the age group >60 years was measured. TT was measured across human BC as a function of age (13-88 years).

Results

TT was linear with time in all experiments. At a physiological substrate concentration of 50 μM TT in the choroid-retina direction was 158.5 to 101.1 pmol/4mm/hr depending on the apical potassium concentration. TT across RPE-BC at 10mM substrate concentration was 33.96 nmol/4mm/hr before and 111.12 nmol/4mm/hr after removal of the RPE. TT across human BC declined linearly with age (169.8 at age 10 years to 105.9 nm/hr/4mm at age 90 years). Uptake of taurine into human RPE at a taurine concentration of 1 μM was independent of donor age (p>0.05) and averaged at 2.83 ± 0.27 (SEM) pmol/10min/6mm.

Conclusions

TT across bovine BC is in excess of TT across bovine RPE. TT across human BC declines linearly with age but remains in excess of the calculated demand of aged human RPE. These results give an indication of the relative impact of ageing on the individual compartments (BC and the RPE) of the transport pathway of taurine between the choroidal blood supply and the outer retina.