gms | German Medical Science

57. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V. (DGNC)
Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

11. bis 14.05.2006, Essen

Microsurgery of temporal medio-basal tumors – results from a series of 235 cases

Mikrochirurgie temporo-mediobasaler Tumoren – Ergebnisse einer Serie von 235 Fällen

Meeting Abstract

Suche in Medline nach

  • corresponding author J. Schramm - Neurochirurgische Universitätsklinik, Bonn
  • A.F. Aliashkevich - Wellington Hospital, Neurosurgical Department, Wellington, New Zealand

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Japanische Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 57. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit der Japanischen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Essen, 11.-14.05.2006. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. DocFR.11.03

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2006/06dgnc071.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 8. Mai 2006

© 2006 Schramm et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: To describe different types of temporo-medio-basal tumors (TMB), the approaches, complications and outcomes in a retrospective series.

Methods: 235 patients with TMB-tumors were identified all with preoperative MRI. Symptoms, approaches, technical problems, surgical techniques and outcomes are described.

Results: 235 patients were identified, mean age 35 years, male to female ratio 131/104, left/right 124/112. Seizures were leading symptoms in 214 patients. 38 patients had had prior outside surgery. A tumor classification based on tumor size and location was used. 137 tumors were located anteriorly, 62 posteriorly. 24% of tumors were no bigger than 2 cm, 65% were no bigger than 3.5 cm. The largest tumor groups were astrocytomas (37,9%), gangliogliomas (29.8%), DNTs (11%). 76.2% of all tumors were benign, more mesially located tumors were more frequently benign, as were smaller tumors. For anteriorly located tumors in 71% of cases either a transsylvian exposure or anterior lobectomy was used. The posterior group was mostly removed through a subtemporal approach (75%). Overall subtemporal approaches were used in 19%, transcortical in 6%, transsylvian in 28% and partial lobe resections in 38%. Most frequent neurological complications were transient: dysphasia 4,2%, hemiparesis 5%, and oculomotor disturbance 2,5%. Permanent neurological complications were rare (2.5%) except for a 36% incidence of quadrantanopia and 9 cases of new hemianopia.

Conclusions: This series differs considerably from Yasargil’s limbic tumor series: Many tumors are small, most are benign, and a variety of approaches other than transsylvian were used. These tumors can be operated with a relative degree of safety. Although transient neurological deterioration is not infrequent and certain visual field defects appear unavoidable, it could be demonstrated that tumors in this difficult area can now be operated on successfully.