gms | German Medical Science

4th InVeST – International Veterinary Simulation in Teaching Conference

14.09. - 16.09.2015, Hannover

Validation of a multipurpose reusable dog manikin for teaching basic diagnostic techniques

Meeting Abstract

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  • author presenting/speaker Lane Anderson - University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, United States
  • corresponding author Jacqueline Whittemore - University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, United States

InVeST 2015: International Veterinary Simulation in Teaching Conference. Hannover, 14.-16.09.2015. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2015. Doc15invest07

doi: 10.3205/15invest07, urn:nbn:de:0183-15invest071

Published: September 10, 2015

© 2015 Anderson et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See license information at



Many veterinary schools teach basic diagnostic skills using live dogs. The purpose of this study was to validate a multi-purpose manikin for teaching lymph node aspiration (FNA), venipuncture, cephalic venous catheterization, and cystocentesis.

Manikins with replaceable lymph nodes, venous systems and urinary bladders were developed. Undergraduate students were prospectively enrolled and stratified by veterinary experience prior to randomization to two groups (live animal or manikin). Groups were trained in FNA, cephalic and jugular venipuncture, intravenous catheterization, and cystocentesis over 5 weeks. Training included a written description of the technique, a training video, and a hands-on laboratory. The next week, participants were scored on performance of the previous week’s skill on a live animal using a standardized rubric by reviewers blinded to group. Six weeks later, assessment was repeated for all skills. Scores were compared between groups and timepoints by repeated-measures ANOVA. P<0.05 was significant. Table 1 [Tab. 1]

Twenty-six subjects were enrolled. There were no significant differences in scores for any of the skills between the groups immediately following or 6 weeks after training (see table for median scores).

Initial proficiency and short-term retention of clinical skills do not differ for students trained using a manikin versus a live dog. Therefore manikins are a viable training method to decrease animal use.