gms | German Medical Science

Joint congress of the Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) and the Arbeitskreis zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ)

20.09. - 23.09.2017, Münster

What is the role of mentoring in current medical education and how should it grow?

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author presenting/speaker Sun Kim - The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • A Ra Cho - The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • Yera Hur - The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • Chul Woon Chung - International St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University, Department of Surgery, Korea

Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) und des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ). Münster, 20.-23.09.2017. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2017. Doc176

doi: 10.3205/17gma176, urn:nbn:de:0183-17gma1762

Published: November 24, 2017

© 2017 Kim et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See license information at



Purpose: Mentoring is currently regarded as a valuable experience in medical education, and it is being applied to a variety of programs. The purpose of our study was to identify the role and performance of mentoring in medical education by reviewing previous research on mentoring and considering the future direction of mentoring research.

Methods: PubMed was searched with term "mentoring" AND "medical education" at the abstract and title field in February 6, 2017. To investigate overall trends, there was no restriction on the type of manuscript. 192 of 228 literatures were used for the research, and the number of published by year, country by first author, and subjects were examined. We also collected the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) keywords.


The literature on mentoring was first introduced in the 1980s and has shown a sharp increase since 2010.
The first authors belong to the United States.
Most mentoring literature was applicable to undergraduates and graduate/postgraduate students.
Education, mentors, standards, organization and administration, career choice, faculty, clinical competence, biomedical research, minority groups, and primary health care were used as MeSH terms.

Conclusion: Mentoring has resulted in many achievements in various areas such as UME, GME, and CME. In particular, significant results were reported in clinical education and research capacity building programs. It influenced various majors, career choices, and Continuing education. However, the necessity of systematic and formal mentoring programs and training for improve mentoring skills was discussed until quite recently. Our research provides direction for mentoring research.