gms | German Medical Science

First Joint Conference of the German Society of Nursing Science (DGP) and the European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pflegewissenschaft e. V.

08.07.2021, online

COVID symptomatology and post exposure quality of life in institutionalized and non-institutionalized patients

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Verónica Velasco-González - Nursing Care Research Group (GICE), Faculty of Nursing. University of Valladolid, Spain
  • Zoraida Verde - Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Valladolid, Soria, Spain
  • Julia Gómez-Castro - Faculty of Health Sciences. University of Valladolid, Soria, Spain
  • María Martín-Cabeza - Santa Barbara Hospital, Soria, Spain
  • Yana Dubrava- Dubrava - Santa Barbara Hospital, Soria, Spain
  • María Sainz-Gil - Faculty of Medicine. University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
  • Luis H. Martín - Faculty of Medicine. University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
  • Ana M. Fernández-Araque - Faculty of Health Sciences. University of Valladolid, Soria, Spain

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pflegewissenschaft e.V. (DGP). First Joint Conference of the German Society of Nursing Science (DGP) and the European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS). sine loco [digital], 08.-08.07.2021. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2021. Doc21dgp45

doi: 10.3205/21dgp45, urn:nbn:de:0183-21dgp458

Published: July 5, 2021

© 2021 Velasco-González et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See license information at



Background: The perceived quality of life in the medium term after suffering from COVID-19 has been evaluated only in hospitalized patients [1]. We consider it necessary to investigate patients that have suffered minor or moderate symptoms and that were not hospitalized.

Objectives: Analyze how various severities of COVID-19 have influenced the quality of life in patients post 6 months exposure.

Design and methods: Prospective observational design. Inclusion criteria:

patients over 50 years old;
positive PCR;
meet criteria for diagnosis and recovery of COVID-19 according to the WHO.

A descriptive and correlational statistical analysis was carried out between the different variables. The study has the authorization of the Research Ethics Committee.

An interview was performed 6 months after recovery, in which data related to the disease, its symptoms and quality of life were collected using the clinical risk group, prior to covid-19 and the EuroQol-5D scale questionary (EQ-5D / EQ-VAS) [2].

Results: 223 patients were included (133 women, 59.6%). The mean age was 57 ± 17.96 years; age range 18-99: 13.5% were institutionalized; 33.6% polymedicated and 14.8% presented chronic pathology. 7.6% required hospital admission for covid19, 71.3% had moderate symptoms without admission and 21.1% mild symptoms. The mean post-covid quality of life was significant for the group with moderate symptoms (p = 0.044).

Conclusions: The assessment in the quality of life after 6 months of covid is superior for patients with moderate symptoms, requiring long-term research in patients with severe symptoms.

Conflict of interest: All authors declare to have not any kind of conflict of interest concerning financial support, relationships or any other circumstances.

Funding: This work was supported by the Ministry of Health of the Regional Government of Castilla y León, Spain [GRS COVID 40/B/20].


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