gms | German Medical Science

First Joint Conference of the German Society of Nursing Science (DGP) and the European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pflegewissenschaft e. V.

08.07.2021, online

Transition to a nursing home – experiences of residents under 65 years of age

Meeting Abstract

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Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pflegewissenschaft e.V. (DGP). First Joint Conference of the German Society of Nursing Science (DGP) and the European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS). sine loco [digital], 08.-08.07.2021. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2021. Doc21dgp19

doi: 10.3205/21dgp19, urn:nbn:de:0183-21dgp195

Published: July 5, 2021

© 2021 Heinze.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See license information at



Background: Transitions, i.e. the experience of transitions from one life situation to another, can contain critical and stressful experiences. According to Meleis et al. nurses often accompany to health-related transition processes [1]. The present work is devoted to the experiences of younger people during transition to a nursing home.

Objectives: The following research questions were formulated:

  • Which factors influence moving into a nursing home?
  • How do younger care dependent persons experience the transition to a nursing home?

Design and methods: Open, guideline-based interviews were conducted and evaluated using a qualitative content analysis based on Kuckartz [2]. There is a positive ethical vote from the German Society for Nursing Science.

Interviews were carried out with eight residents of nursing homes. The four men and four women were between 33 and 63 years old and had care levels between 2 and 5.

Results: In addition to health factors, social, economic and structural factors also played a role in moving into a nursing home. Facilitating factors were a culture of welcoming, a caring atmosphere, the possibility of social contacts and adequate care aids in the nursing homes. The aggravating factors included rigid norms and values in nursing homes. The attitude of being too young for a nursing home as well as age-related and cultural differences also made the transition more difficult.

Conclusions: A welcoming culture and the consideration of age-appropriate interests make moving into a nursing home easier for those under 65 years of age.

Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest

Funding: There is no source of funding.


Meleis AI, Sawyer LM, Im EO, Hilfinger Messias DK, Schumacher K. Experiencing transitions: an emerging middle-range theory. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2000 Sep;23(1):12-28. DOI: 10.1097/00012272-200009000-00006 External link
Kuckartz U. Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse: Methoden, Praxis, Computerunterstützung. Weinheim: Beltz-Juventa; 2016.