gms | German Medical Science

16. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre: Curriculum planning and assessment

19. - 21. April 2012, Timisoara, Romania

Interdisciplinary teaching and learning: ECG diagnosis and surgical treatment of cardiac arrhythmias – Modern cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization therapy


  • corresponding author Günther Prenner - Medizinische Universität Graz, Division for Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Graz, Austria
  • author Michael Sereinigg - Medizinische Universität Graz, Division for Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Graz, Austria
  • author Simone Manhal - Medizinische Universität Graz, Office of the vice dean of teaching and studies, Graz, Austria
  • author Doris Wagner - Medizinische Universität Graz, Division for Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Graz, Austria
  • author Peter Lercher - Medizinische Universität Graz, Division for Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Graz, Austria

16. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre 2012 - Curriculum planning and assessment. Timisoara, Romania, 19.-21.04.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. Doc12grako37

doi: 10.3205/12grako37, urn:nbn:de:0183-12grako379

Veröffentlicht: 5. September 2012

© 2012 Prenner et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen ( Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.



According to a recent analysis, about 50,000 patients carry pacemakers in Austria. In the EU there are 2 million patients with such devices, worldwide 1 million of these systems are implanted per year. No matter to which medical discipline a medical doctor belongs ECG diagnosis and patients with implanted cardiac rhythm assist devices are indispensable in the daily medical practice. Currently, the ECG diagnosis and thus the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias as well as the management of these patients is usually limited to basic skills throughout any medical curriculum. Since the indication for the procedure and pre implant diagnostics are a domain of a cardiologist and the procedure is a domain of heart surgery, an interdisciplinary teaching approach is required. This innovative interdisciplinary approach has been designed at our university in order to provide students with an insight in the basic diagnostics of cardiac arrythmias and their management.

As part of a four-week special study module, the students have the opportunity to pursue both the underlying ECG diagnosis before and after pacemaker implantation as well as the implantation techniques in the operating room and surgical outpatient rehabilitation and observance. This interdisciplinary cooperation is based on a three-stage model: In the first stage of learning students have to pass a web based training after viewing virtual teaching units made available to the basics of rhythm diagnosis, the pathology of rhythm diagnosis and treatment options. After successful completion of these trainings, students are given the opportunity, to take a two-week work experience in both rhythm diagnosis and implantation of pacemaker systems. This concept is based on close cooperation between the two disciplines. The students are completely integrated in both teams and are provided an exclusive expertise and insight.