gms | German Medical Science

16. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre: Curriculum planning and assessment

19. - 21. April 2012, Timisoara, Romania

Teaching and learning blood group serology and transfusion medicine in the integrated Medical Curriculum Vienna


Suche in Medline nach

  • corresponding author Günther F Körmöczi - Medical University of Vienna, Department of Blood Group Serology and Transfusion, Vienna, Austria
  • author Angelika Hofhansl - Medical University of Vienna, Department of Medical Education, Vienna, Austria

16. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre 2012 - Curriculum planning and assessment. Timisoara, Romania, 19.-21.04.2012. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2012. Doc12grako25

doi: 10.3205/12grako25, urn:nbn:de:0183-12grako258

Veröffentlicht: 5. September 2012

© 2012 Körmöczi et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen ( Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.



Background: The medical specialty “Blood Group Serology and Transfusion Medicine” (BGS-TFM) deserves general awareness and representation in medical curricula: it has high relevance for a major proportion of patients, especially regarding pretransfusion testing and multiple aspects of hemotherapy.

Design: At the Medical University of Vienna, 640 undergraduate medical students are educated per year. The current teaching and learning modalities of BGS-TFM related issues in the integrated Medical Curriculum Vienna are presented.

Results: Based on defined learning objectives, BGS-TFM-specific teaching starts in the fourth semester: in the main BGS lecture (two academic hours; ah), an introduction into immunohematology is given. Here, key aspects are blood group systems and antigens, allo- and autoimmunization against red cells, as well as the principles of blood group typing, antibody detection and compatibility testing. In parallel, the TFM lecture (2ah) details characteristics of selected blood products and highlights the basics of red cell, platelet and plasma transfusion therapy. In addition, the most important transfusion-related side effects are discussed. Both lectures are complemented by learning material provided online, and are assessed by multiple choice questions at the end of the semester. This theoretical input is followed by recently reformed hands-on courses on BGS in the fifth semester: during 2ah, each student is required to perform serological ABO and RhD typing, red cell antibody screening and cross-matching under careful tutorial supervision. All individual laboratory results have to be recorded on a work sheet to train clinical documentation. A step-by-step online paper aids in preparation of this practical course. Industry sponsoring of laboratory materials was recently introduced to provide sufficient course equipment. The successful implementation of this module is shown by convincing evaluation results. Finally, in the seventh semester, a course on TFM (2ah) covers correct indications and practice of transfusion therapy and the bedside test. Further teaching activities include elective seminars on immunohematology and clinical TFM, aside from continuous supervision of diploma theses.

Discussion: Important BGS-TFM areas, such as prenatal testing for maternofetal incompatibility or transplant immunology, are not yet sufficiently covered within the curriculum. Aside from this, adequate student assessment (e.g., OSCE) needs to be further developed. Moreover, a future goal is standardization of format and contents of BGS-TFM at different medical schools in Austria.