gms | German Medical Science

Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA)

25.09. - 27.09.2014, Hamburg

What influences undergraduate education in the operating room? A focus group study on beneficial factors combining students’ and surgeons’ perceptions


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Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA). Hamburg, 25.-27.09.2014. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2014. DocP236

doi: 10.3205/14gma070, urn:nbn:de:0183-14gma0705

Veröffentlicht: 11. September 2014

© 2014 Zundel et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen ( Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.



Introduction: Little data exists on factors positively influencing learning in the operating room. We therefore aimed for an integral analysis on beneficial factors taking the perspective of students and surgeons into account.

Methods: Three groups of between 5 and 6 students (n=17) and three groups of between 3 and 4 qualified surgeons (n=10) from 6 different surgical subspecialties participated in focus group interviews facilitated by a moderator using a questioning route. The interviews were videotaped, transcribed and analyzed.

Results: The analysis resulted in ten themes, which were considered to positively influence undergraduate education in the operating room. These are:

structured first introduction to the OR,
explaining about proceedings,
early allocations to specific procedures,
stating relevant learning objectives,
providing team acceptance,
providing case alignment,
small groups of learners,
the interprofessional environment,
teachers’ motivation and didactic skills and
clearly stating expectations.

Relevant learning objectives were considered to be basic skills, teamwork and professionalism.

Discussion/conclusion: The focus group study led to the generation of ten factors which positively influence learning in the OR, which were perceived as relevant from both students and surgeons. Many of these factors are supported by the results of other published studies. Future studies should address the effects of these features using quantitative controlled designs.