gms | German Medical Science

22. Jahrestagung des Deutschen Netzwerks Evidenzbasierte Medizin e. V.

Deutsches Netzwerk Evidenzbasierte Medizin e. V.

24. - 26.02.2021, digital

Systematic review of the effectiveness and safety of home-treatment models in child and adolescent psychiatric care

Meeting Abstract

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  • Sarah Wolf - Austrian Institute for Health Technology Assessment, AIHTA, Österreich
  • Nicole Grössmann - Austrian Institute for Health Technology Assessment, AIHTA, Österreich

Who cares? – EbM und Transformation im Gesundheitswesen. 22. Jahrestagung des Deutschen Netzwerks Evidenzbasierte Medizin. sine loco [digital], 24.-26.02.2021. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2021. Doc21ebmPS-8-06

doi: 10.3205/21ebm116, urn:nbn:de:0183-21ebm1162

Veröffentlicht: 23. Februar 2021

© 2021 Wolf et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open-Access-Artikel und steht unter den Lizenzbedingungen der Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (Namensnennung). Lizenz-Angaben siehe



Background/research question: The Austrian child and adolescent psychiatric care landscape is characterised by substantial deficits on the intramural and extramural level. To overcome these supply shortfalls alternative outreach approaches, such as home-treatment (HT) can be introduced which shall facilitate the reduction of hospitalisations. Thus, we aimed to systematically characterise international HT models considering their efficacy and safety in the area of child and adolescent psychiatry.

Methods: A systematic literature search in six databases, as well as an extended hand search, was conducted. Taking into account the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, eleven publications on six HT studies were eligible for the qualitative synthesis; comprising two randomised controlled trials (RCTs), two non-randomised controlled trials (NRCTs) and two observational studies.

Results: The following four effectiveness measures were investigated: change in symptoms, hospitalisation, treatment satisfaction and need for further treatment. A benefit of HT models compared to stationary care could be identified considering patient symptoms; however, sloley in the longer-term treatment. Studies have also shown that HT is associated with fewer days of hospitalisation and with a higher needed further treatments. Inconclusive evidence was identified considering treatment satisfaction. Safety endpoints were not evaluated by any included study.

Conclusion: The results are limited by a moderate to high risk of bias due to several factors (e.g. small sample sizes). However, the evidence indicates that in long-term, HT can lead to an improvement in psychopathological symptoms and supports the transition from inpatient to outpatient care. Therefore, HT may be considered as an alternative or supplement to the stationary child and adolescent psychiatric care. However, further evidence is needed considering safety outcomes.

Competing interests: None