gms | German Medical Science

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2019)

22. - 25.10.2019, Berlin

Deep vein thrombosis in patients with intertrochanteric fracture: a retrospective study

Meeting Abstract

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  • presenting/speaker Chen Fei - Xi'an Honghui Hospital, Xi'an, China

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2019). Berlin, 22.-25.10.2019. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2019. DocAB39-1059

doi: 10.3205/19dkou304, urn:nbn:de:0183-19dkou3040

Veröffentlicht: 22. Oktober 2019

© 2019 Fei.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open-Access-Artikel und steht unter den Lizenzbedingungen der Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (Namensnennung). Lizenz-Angaben siehe



Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the incidences of pre- and post-operative lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in hospitalized patients with intertrochanteric fractures and to analyze the relevant risk factors.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted between July 2014 and October 2016 in 218 intertrochanteric fracture patients who presented at Xi'an Honghui Hospital and underwent Doppler ultrasonography for DVT diagnosis. We divided DVT into distal, proximal, and mixed thrombosis. Patients were divided into either the thrombosis or no thrombosis group according to preoperative and postoperative ultrasonography results. All patients were evaluated for the risk factors associated with thrombosis.

Results and conclusion: A total of 37.61% of preoperative patients had DVT, and the postoperative incidence increased to 58.72%. The days between fracture and hospitalization and the days between fracture and surgery were inde¬pendent risk factors for preoperative DVT. The days between fracture and hospitalization and D-dimer levels at postoperative 1 day were inde¬pendent risk factors of postoperative DVT. In total 23.4% of the patients pro¬gressed from having no thrombosis preoperatively to having distal, proximal, or mixed DVT postoperatively (22.02%, 0.46%, and 0.92%, respectively). Distal DVT constituted 86.59% and 90.63% of all preoperative and postoperative DVTs, respectively.

Intertrochanteric fracture is a common type of hip fracture in the elderly, and the incidence of DVT after intertrochanteric fracture may be underestimated. Early intervention (early admission and early surgery) might be reduce the incidence of DVT.