gms | German Medical Science

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2017)

24.10. - 27.10.2017, Berlin

Integrin dependent signaling in tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPC) interactions with collagen I

Meeting Abstract

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  • presenting/speaker Heyong Yin - Laboratory for Experimental Trauma Surgery , Department of Trauma Surgery, University Regensburg Medical Centre, Regensburg, Germany
  • Cvetan Popov - Experimental Surgery and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich, Germany
  • Denitsa Docheva - Laboratory for Experimental Trauma Surgery , Department of Trauma Surgery, University Regensburg Medical Centre, Regensburg, Germany

Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2017). Berlin, 24.-27.10.2017. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2017. DocGR20-196

doi: 10.3205/17dkou550, urn:nbn:de:0183-17dkou5501

Veröffentlicht: 23. Oktober 2017

© 2017 Yin et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open-Access-Artikel und steht unter den Lizenzbedingungen der Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (Namensnennung). Lizenz-Angaben siehe



Objectives: The exact pathways of collagen remodeling in tendon tissue are not well understood. Therefore, we have established an ex vivo 3D collagen gel-based system and we studied the remodeling capacity of two different TSPC lines from young, Y-TSPC and aged/degenerative, A-TSPC donors. Here, we specifically focused on investigating the involvement of integrin receptors in the remodeling process. Integrins are transmembrane receptors consisting of alpha (a) and beta (b) subunits, which form cell-to-matrix bonds, activate various pathways and thereby control cell proliferation, differentiation and survival.

Methods: Y- and A-TSPC were derived from human Achilles tendons and are fully described in Kohler et al. 2013. RT-PCR was used to assess the expression of collagen-binding integrins in the TSPC cultivated in collagen gels. Next, a1 and a11 integrins were silenced by stable lentiviral delivery of target-specific shRNA in the Y-TSPC. Control (con-shRNA), integrin (a1-shRNA) and integrin a11 (a11-shRNA) virus-containing supernatant was given for 24h and then cells were selected with 50 microg./ml zeocin for 10 days. The integrin knockdown (KD) efficiency was assessed by quantitative PCR and western blotting. Last, functional tests were carried out by time-lapse recording gel contraction of four cell groups (Y-TSPC+con, Y-TSPC+a1KD, Y-TSPC+a11KD, and A-TSPC).

Results and Conclusion: Among the screened integrins we found that integrin a1 and a11 were significantly downregulated in A-TSPC with 3.8 and 5.6 folds, correspondingly. Therefore, to mimic the A-TSPC we carried out a gene KD of a1 and a11 in Y-TSPC. PCR and western blot clearly validated the efficient KD. Analyses of collagen contraction, revealed that Y-TSPC+a11KD significantly reduced collagen contractability comparable to A-TSPC. This indicated the indispensable role of this integrin in the signaling pathway of collagen matrix remodeling. In respect to integrin a1, we found that this receptor did not affect the contraction rate of Y-TSPC, which was similar to Y-TSPC+con.

Our novel results report that a11 integrin receptor plays a critical role in tendon collagen remodeling, and a follow up analysis of its exact downstream cascade is on the way. Future efforts in deciphering how tendon matrix makeover is regulated can lead to innovation in preventive strategies for tendon degeneration.