gms | German Medical Science

53. Kongress für Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin (DEGAM)

Erlangen, 12. - 14.09.2019

Developing a manual of behaviour change interventions for patients with heart failure

Meeting Abstract

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  • presenting/speaker Amanda Whittal - Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Düsseldorf, Deutschland
  • Oliver Herber - Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Düsseldorf, Deutschland

53. Kongress für Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin. Erlangen, 12.-14.09.2019. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2019. DocV23-02

doi: 10.3205/19degam040, urn:nbn:de:0183-19degam0408

Veröffentlicht: 11. September 2019

© 2019 Whittal et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open-Access-Artikel und steht unter den Lizenzbedingungen der Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (Namensnennung). Lizenz-Angaben siehe



Background: Heart failure (HF) can be managed effectively with on-going self-care. However, HF patients are frequently unable to adhere to self-care recommendations. Previous self-care interventions aiming to enhance adherence have shown limited success, as they are not theory-based. Thus, this study seeks to develop an intervention manual containing theory-based behaviour change interventions (BCIs) to improve self-care adherence.

Objective: This study aims to develop a manual for designing theory-based BCIs.

Methods: Based on a qualitative and quantitative meta-review, behaviours associated with non-adherence to HF self-care were identified and extracted by two researchers independently (Stage 1), and mapped onto the COM-B behaviour model to determine appropriate areas for behaviour change (Stage 2). Behaviours were then mapped onto appropriate behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using advice from patients and clinicians, to ensure applicability and relevance (Stage 3). Finally, qualitative interviews, followed by the Delphi technique, will be conducted with patients and health professionals to fine-tune the content of BCIs and increase the likelihood of their acceptance (Stage 4 to be conducted).

Results: A comprehensive intervention manual has been produced containing numerous BCTs that are relevant for enhancing adherence to HF related self-care recommendations. All BCTs are described according to the following eight descriptors to ensure reproducibility of the intervention:

content of elements of the intervention,
characteristics of self-care tutors,
characteristics of target population,
delivery location,
mode of delivery,
intensity and

Discussion: Subsequent studies are planned, including an exploratory trial to pilot test the interventions described in the manual, and a full randomised controlled trial. The BCIs are created to be implemented successfully into the German healthcare system.

Take home message for practical use: The intervention manual that is produced provides guidance in practice regarding which interventions are most applicable in enhancing self-care adherence in order to improve illness outcomes and quality of life for patients.