gms | German Medical Science

21st Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society and 8th Symposium of the International Society of Ocular Trauma (ISOT)

German Retina Society
International Society of Ocular Trauma

19.06. - 22.06.2008, Würzburg

Intraocular foreign bodies: functional results and complications

Meeting Abstract

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  • Daniel Branisteanu - Iasi/Romania

Retinologische Gesellschaft. International Society of Ocular Trauma. 21. Jahrestagung der Retinologischen Gesellschaft gemeinsam mit dem 8. Symposium der International Society of Ocular Trauma. Würzburg, 19.-22.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocISOTRG2008V094

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: June 18, 2008

© 2008 Branisteanu.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Purpose: To asses the visual outcome and the retinal complications following vitreoretinal surgery for intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 IOFBs, with different locations, removed with intraocular forceps or intraocular magnet during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) between January 1999 and January 2008. 47 out of 59 IOFBs (79.66%) were removed immediately after primary wound closure and 12 with a delay ranging from 48 hours to 5 years. All IOFBs were metallic. Total vitrectomy with careful membrane peeling and laser photocoagulation around the retinal injury (if present) was performed. Relaxing retinotomy was necessary in 3 cases of retinal incarceration. Endotamponade with SF6 (26 cases) or silicone oil (8 cases) was performed, if needed, at the end of surgery. The average follow-up period after surgery was 17.9 month (ranging 6 – 36 months).

Results: 18 out of 59 IOFBs (30.5%) were intraretinal. 39 out of 59 eyes (66.10%) showed signs of endophthalmitis. Preoperative visual acuity ranged from light perception to 20/30. The mean visual acuity significantly increased after surgery from 20/120 preoperatively to 20/40 at the end of follow-up (range hand movements – 20/20). 51 out of 59 cases (86.44%) have stable anatomical result. A final visual acuity equal or better than 20/200 was obtained in 45 cases (76.27%). Mild retinal folding could be noticed in some cases around the laser-treated retinal injury. In 8 out of 59 cases (13.56%) visual acuity remained low or decreased due to PVR associated retinal detachment requiring additional surgery.

Conclusions: IOFBs and especially those intraretinal require a prompt and meticulous PPV. Good functional outcome appears mainly related to severity and topography of primary injury. PVR associated retinal detachment and retinal folding were the main complications observed.