gms | German Medical Science

21st Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society and 8th Symposium of the International Society of Ocular Trauma (ISOT)

German Retina Society
International Society of Ocular Trauma

19.06. - 22.06.2008, Würzburg

Ocular trauma sustained during sport activities

Meeting Abstract

  • Ferenc Kuhn - Birmingham/USA
  • R. Morris - Birmingham/USA
  • L. Mann - Birmingham/USA
  • C. D. Witherspoon - Birmingham/USA

Retinologische Gesellschaft. International Society of Ocular Trauma. 21. Jahrestagung der Retinologischen Gesellschaft gemeinsam mit dem 8. Symposium der International Society of Ocular Trauma. Würzburg, 19.-22.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocISOTRG2008V010

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: June 18, 2008

© 2008 Kuhn et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Purpose: To analyze injuries sustained during active sport.

Material and Methods: Analyzing 14 788 cases in the United States Eye Injury Registry ( database. Seven percent (1075) of serious trauma cases were caused by sports.Results: The most important ones were baseball (23%), fishing (17%), and softball (11%). Almost half of the patients were under 20 years of age and 79% are males. The male:female ratio showed great variability: 20x in basketball but only 1.2x in softball. The 3rd quarter saw the highest number of injuries (37%, the 4th the fewest (15%). Only 10% of injuries occurred via nonorganized sports activities. Open globe trauma resulted in 13%, but the rate reached 44% among fishing injuries. Retinal detachment was diagnosed in 6% of eyes. Three or more surgeries were needed in 6% of eyes.

Conclusion: Serious trauma is not uncommon among those participating in sport. Mostly boys get injured and mostly during organized sport; these findings should help preventive efforts. The most serious injuries are caused by fishing accidents.