gms | German Medical Science

29. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga

Deutsche Hochdruckliga e. V. DHL ® - Deutsche Hypertonie Gesellschaft Deutsches Kompetenzzentrum Bluthochdruck

23. bis 25.11.2005, Berlin

The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in non-diabetic German Caucasians: The Sankt Georgen Study (SGS).

Häufigkeit des Metabolischen Syndroms in einer nichtdiabetischen Bevölkerung Süddeutschlands: Die Sankt Georgen Studie (SGS)

Meeting Abstract

  • L. Keulen - Forum für Vaskuläre Medizin, Königsfeld (Königsfeld, D)
  • F. Jakob - Forum für Vaskuläre Medizin, Königsfeld (Königsfeld, D)
  • J. Probst - Ärzte SG, Sankt Georgen (Sankt Georgen, D)
  • A. Omari - Sydney University (Sydney, AU)
  • B. Ballertshofer - Universität Tübingen (Tübingen, D)
  • W. März - Universität Graz, (Graz, A)
  • S. Jakob - Albert Schweitzer Klinik, Königsfeld im Schwarzwald (Königsfeld, D)

Hypertonie 2005. 29. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga. Berlin, 23.-25.11.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc05hochP76

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: August 8, 2006

© 2006 Keulen et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Increased body weight has a major impact on health, as many cardiovascular (cv) risk factors drastically increase with overweight and obesity. Patients with the MS carry a high risk for cv and metabolic disease. Therefore, early detection of patients with MS is needed.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of MS and obesity in a non-diabetic population.

Patients and methods: SGS is a project of primary care physicians of the city of SG, the Albert-Schweitzer-Klinik, Königsfeld and several universities. Non-diabetic participants were randomly selected for a metabolic assessment. MS was defined according to the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III and the recent International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition.

Results: 641 adults (aged 18-75 years) participated in the study. Overweight and obesity affected 42% and 19% respectively, central adiposity was present in 36% of population, increasing to 66% when the IDF criteria were used. Dyslipidaemia was identified in at least 1/3 of subjects, however, elevated blood pressure (>130/85mmHg) was found in two-thirds of the population. Prevalence of MS was 26% (ATP MS) and 36% (IDF MS) in this population and increased with body weight.

Conclusion: MS is a common disorder in non-diabetic Germans, increasing markedly in overweight and obese individuals. The IDF definition classifies more subjects as sufferers of the syndrome. Overweight and obesity, in particular, central obesity and elevated blood pressure affected a significant proportion of individuals. Intensive preventive measures are needed.

Table 1 [Tab. 1]