gms | German Medical Science

84th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

08.05. - 12.05.2013, Nürnberg

Retrospectiv study of etiology and treatment in epistaxis

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author Dana Viviana Sala - Spitalul Clinic Judetean de Urgenta Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • Maria Domuta - Spital Judetean Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • Ciprian Venter - Spital Judetean Oradea, Oradea, Romania

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. 84. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. Nürnberg, 08.-12.05.2013. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2013. Doc13hnod693

doi: 10.3205/13hnod693, urn:nbn:de:0183-13hnod6938

Published: April 15, 2013

© 2013 Sala et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Introduction: The epistaxis is one the most frequent otorhinolaryngologic emergencies in the medical practice. It is a benign affection, but the refractory cases require hospital admission.

Objective: To evaluate prevailing factors in patients with epistaxis and treatment.

Form of study: Retrospective study.

Method: 60 patients with diagnosis of epistaxis were evaluated and they needed hospital admission between 01/2012 and 11/2012.

Results: The main prevailing factors were: Systemic arterial hypertension 36% (n=22), trauma 16% (n=10) and coagulopathy 5% (n=3). The treatment was the use of nasal splint: anterior 58% (n=35) and antero-posterior 27% (n=16), the electrocauterization of the identified bloody point 7% (n=4), endoscopic arterial bandage 8% (n=5) in severe epistaxis. For the patients with antero-posterior splint with recurrence of bleeding in the first 24 hours (five patients), after clinical stabilization, an arterial bandage was indicated by endoscopic means; four patients had systemic arterial hypertension and in one patient no prevailing factor was identified.

Conclusion: The main associated prevailing factors were systemic arterial hypertension, trauma and coagulopathy. The treatment depends on the type, severity and cause of bleeding, initially the anterior and antero-posterior splint for bleeding control. The early endoscopic arterial bandage is indicated in patients with severe epistaxis and prevailing factors, and prolonged admission and morbidities associated with nasal splint should be avoided.

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