gms | German Medical Science

17. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre 2013: Teaching Medical Skills

4. - 6. April 2013, Wien, Österreich

Das Medizinstudium und seine Einbindung innerhalb der Gesundheitsberufe


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17. Grazer Konferenz – Qualität der Lehre 2013: Teaching medical skills. Wien, Österreich, 04.-06.04.2013. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2013. DocL06

doi: 10.3205/13grako14, urn:nbn:de:0183-13grako145

Published: November 29, 2013

© 2013 Hellwagner.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


The Bologna-Declaration of 19 June 1999 modifies the education in Medical and Health Professions. The medical studies are graduating since 2002 with the new master degree “Doctor medicinae universae”.

The former assistance medical professions (nurses, midwifes, physiotherapists, etc.) are upgrading to partner professions of acadamic level graduating also with a master or finally a doctors degree. This makes sense to deal with scientfic progress in these areas to increase and hold the high quality of these health professions.

On the contrary there is a high tendency of the european universities to shorten the classic medical education. The old educational concept of medical studies in Austria since 1949 was a seperation in a six years scientific-theoretical study reaching a doctors degree, followed of at least three years clinical-practical education in hospital.( Medical students who started their studies before 2002 reached a doctors degree of equally wording.)

Now these scientific medical education will be shortend to five years followed by a clinical part of one year and also the postgradual hospital education of new medical doctors should be truncated.

There is now the paradox situation for former assistance professions which are increasing their educational requirements to cooperate with physicans whose educational requirements are changing in the contrary direction.

There will be a lot of consequences of these changes which are not discussed and solved until now. These consequences will start for example with a dispute about the adequate salary of the different academic health professions and will end up with the controversy about the new allocation of competencies between the medical and health professions.

If we are uncritically following these way to shorten medical education in scientific areas which are increasing their knowledge at least all five years, the new medical doctors (or "master of medicine") will loose the control of medical management of their patients because of lack of knowledge. There will be in future no argumentation for the physicians reservations (german: "Arztvorbehalt") if the medical education will not be equal or superior to the ECTS of other health professions.

Nevetheless we will have to establish a new model of cooperation between different academic medical and health professions in austria.