gms | German Medical Science

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Results of aerobic training in adolescent patients with moderate idiopathic scoliosis

Meeting Abstract

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm137

DOI: 10.3205/11esm137, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1372

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Villar Aura et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Objective: Several studies have shown the decrease in the capacity to produce aerobic work in young subjects with mild to moderate AIS (when scoliosis exceeds 25º) [1], [2]. These abnormalities may lead to an increase in the energy required for walking or performing other physical activities [3]. Our aim is find out the frecuency and the relevance of the restricted work capacity since is uncertain and a matter of controversy.

Material/Methods: 6 weeks of aerobic training in AIS girls that suffer from mild scoliotic curvatures (n=6) and healthy controls (n=6) in different biochemical, anthropometric and cardio respiratory parameters. The groups performing a cycling training program were subjected to a training program of 3 sessions per week during a period of 6 weeks with an approximate duration of 1 hour per session (table 2). The training intensity was increased from 65% to 85% VO2max. All the girls trained every day with a Pulsometer 810R Cardio Polar.

Results: The maximal power output and the power output achieved at the anaerobic threshold, during the maximal exercise test, were significantly increased in both experimental groups. The training program caused significant changes in body composition (i.e. a decrease in body fat %) only in the scoliotic group. Regarding the cardio respiratory measurements, VO2max was increased by 17% in AIS group and by 10% in the healthy group.

Conclusion: We measured in our study the degree of the curve according to Cobb and we did not find any significant modification after 6 weeks of training in a cycle ergometer. Our results suggest that physical activity should be encouraged in scoliotic girls with mild curvatures.


References

1.
Barrios C, Perez-Encinas C, Maruenda JI, Laguia M. Significant ventilatory functional restriction in adolescents with mild or moderate scoliosis during maximal exercise tolerance test. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:1610-15.
2.
DiRocco PJ, Vaccaro P. Cardiopulmonary functioning in adolescent patients with mild idiopathic scoliosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1988;69(3 Pt 1):198-201.
3.
Shneerson JM, Madgwick R. The effect of physical training on exercise ability in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Acta Orthop Scand. 1979;50:303-6.