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7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Annual Assembly of the German and the Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Austrian Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

26.-29.10.2011, Salzburg, Austria

Adverse responses of the musculoskeletal system during 4 weeks resistance-endurance training in a cardiovascular rehabilitation program

Meeting Abstract

7th EFSMA – European Congress of Sports Medicine, 3rd Central European Congress of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Salzburg, 26.-29.10.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11esm116

DOI: 10.3205/11esm116, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-11esm1168

Published: October 24, 2011

© 2011 Gruber et al.
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Outline

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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess possible adverse effects of 4 weeks of a cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) program on the musculoskeletal system.

Material/Methods: Nine-hundred-ninety-six patients (204 women, age 65 yrs and 792 men, age 62 yrs) completed a combined resistance-endurance training program consisting of 5±2 resistance training sessions (50% of one repetition maximum, 2-3 sets of 12-15 repetitions each, using 10 different muscle groups) and 15±4 endurance training-sessions [(50-60% of maximal leg power (Pmax)] on cycle ergometer lasting 10-18 minutes per training session. Interaction of statin-therapy with the complications of the muscle system during resistance training was evaluated by Pearson’s Chi-square test.

Results: As result of training, 55 patients had adverse effects, 42 were associated with the skeletal, 13 with the muscular-system, and 2 additional adverse effects were associated with injuries that were not directly connected to training sessions. Statins were prescribed to 770 (77%) of 996 patients at entry and 849 (85%) at discharge. Nine (69%) of 13 patients with adverse effects on muscular-system took statins at entry and 11 (85%) at discharge from the CR program. Pearson’s Chi-square test revealed that Statins are not responsible for complications of the muscular-system [Chi-square (1)=.004, p = .949].

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that adverse effects of a combined resistance-endurance exercise program for 4 weeks on the musculoskeletal system are rare and do not limit the performance of cardiac patients engaging in resistance-endurance exercise. These findings are independent of statins.