gms | German Medical Science

102. Jahrestagung der DOG

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V.

23. bis 26.09.2004, Berlin

Color-doppler imaging of retrobular vessels in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy

Meeting Abstract

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  • corresponding author M. Kaup - Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, Aachen
  • N. Plange - Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, Aachen
  • O. Arend - Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, Aachen
  • A. Remky - Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, Aachen

Evidenzbasierte Medizin - Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. 102. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin, 23.-26.09.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dogP 135

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 22, 2004

© 2004 Kaup et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.




The acute circulatory disorder of the optic nerve head in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is caused by hypoperfusion of the short posterior ciliary arteries. The retrobulbar hemodynamics in patients with acute nonarteritic AION were examined by color-doppler imaging und compared to healthy controls.


We examined 26 patients with nonarteritic AION (age 68±9 years) and 35 age-matched controls (age 64±8 years, p=0.117). By means of color-doppler imaging (Siemens Sonoline Sienna) the blood flow velocities of the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA) and nasal and temporal short posterior arteries (PCA) were measured. Peak systolic (PSV) and end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and Pourcelot resistive index (RI) were determined.


The OA showed no significant differences between AION and controls. PSV and EDV of the CRA (p<0.001) and PSV of the nasal PCA (p<0.05) were significantly decreased in patients with AION compared to healthy controls. For temporal PCA no significant differences were detectable between patients and controls.


Blood flow velocities of the nasal PCA and the CRA are significant reduced in acute nonarteritic AION.