gms | German Medical Science

102. Jahrestagung der DOG

Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V.

23. bis 26.09.2004, Berlin

A special music-therapeutic treatment for glaucoma patients and its effects on IOP, physiological parameters, EEG and stress hormones

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author I. Strempel - Klinikum der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Klinik für Augenheilkunde
  • P. Eschstruth - Klinikum der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Klinik für Augenheilkunde
  • O. Dippel - Klinikum der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Klinik für Augenheilkunde
  • T. Bertelmann - Klinikum der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Klinik für Augenheilkunde

Evidenzbasierte Medizin - Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. 102. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin, 23.-26.09.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc04dogDO.06.11

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 22, 2004

© 2004 Strempel et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.




In former studies we proved already the effects of a special music-therapeutic program on IOP physiological and psychological parameters. The following studies aimed on reconfirming these results and intended additional investigation of the effects on ocular blood circulation, EEG and stress-hormones.


A special new music-therapeutic program (consisting of music, guided imagery and binaural beats) was presented to 75 glaucoma patients for 10 days at the same time of day in single sessions. We checked: IOP, visual acuity, visual field, temperature of the eye, ocular blood flow (OBF), EEG und stress-hormones cortisol and endothelin, psychological tests. We compared these results to a control group.


IOP reduces significantly during the session and over the 10 day period. Visual acuity and visual field became slightly better. Temperature raises significantly during the session, OBF revealed different results, skin galvanic resistance rose significantly. EEG showed a slight increase of alpha-waves and decrease of beta-waves thus indicating relaxation. Cortisol levels fell significantly, Endothelin gave various results, psychic state ameliorated.


Finally we can demonstrate, that music therapy is a very helpful additional treatment in glaucoma therapy.