gms | German Medical Science

27th International Congress of German Ophthalmic Surgeons

15. to 17.05.2014, Nürnberg

Key note lecture: Early detection of keratoconus suspects with advanced diagnostic tools

Meeting Abstract

Search Medline for

  • Carlos G. Arce - Federal University of Sao Paulo, Ocular Bioengineering & Refractive Surgery Sectors, Ophthal., Sousas, Campinas – São Paulo, Brasilien

27. Internationaler Kongress der Deutschen Ophthalmochirurgen. Nürnberg, 15.-17.05.2014. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2014. DocH 1.4

doi: 10.3205/14doc002, urn:nbn:de:0183-14doc0020

Published: May 5, 2014

© 2014 Arce.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objectives: To present a comprehensive summary of diagnostic tools used for early detection of keratoconus.

Methods: Review of strategies, signs, patterns and indices used to diagnosis keratoconus

Results: Clinical signs of early corneal deformation can be detected by different devices and strategies. Recognizing of topographic, pachymetric, wavefront, and biomechanical signs and patterns allows early diagnosis of keratoconus.

Conclusion: Keratoconus is a time-dependent progressive corneal deformation characterized by ectasia and asymmetry of one or both surfaces induced or promoted by external and/or internal factors. Early detection has been dependant of the technology available and the knowledge of how the disease initiates or progress.