gms | German Medical Science

64th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)

26 - 29 May 2013, Düsseldorf

Surgical management of epilepsy due to cerebral cavernomas using neuronavigation and intraoperative MR imaging

Meeting Abstract

  • Karl Roessler - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
  • Björn Sommer - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
  • Ingmar Blümcke - Neuropathologisches Institut, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
  • Hajo M. Hamer - Epilepsiezentrum, Neurologische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
  • Michael Buchfelder - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 64. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC). Düsseldorf, 26.-29.05.2013. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2013. DocMO.12.08

doi: 10.3205/13dgnc105, urn:nbn:de:0183-13dgnc1057

Published: May 21, 2013

© 2013 Roessler et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: Cure from epilepsy due to a cerebral cavernoma may be surgically achieved depending on both, the complete removal of the cavernoma, as well as the hemosiderotic rim around the lesion. Intraoperative MR imaging and neuronavigation may play a crucial role to achieve both goals. Thus, we retrospectively investigated the impact of neuronavigation combined with intraoperative MR imaging on the seizure outcome of such patients.

Method: Altogether, 34 patients (17 female, 17 male, mean age 40.8 yrs, range: 17 to 65 yrs) suffering from epilepsy due to a cerebral cavernoma (25 temporal, 9 extra-temporal), were operated on in the Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Erlangen between 2002 and 2012. Mean duration of epilepsy was 9.3 years (range: 1 month to 38 years). Three patients suffered from multiple cavernomas and three from dual pathologies. Twenty-nine selective lesionectomies and five lesionectomies combined with partial temporal lobe resections were performed.

Results: The use of neuronavigation and intraoperative MR imaging lead to complete cavernoma removal in all patients as documented by delayed postoperative imaging. In 5 patients (14.7%), an intraoperative second look procedure according to intraoperative MRI findings was necessary to complete resection. The removal of the hemosiderotic rim was confirmed in 31/34 (91%) patients by intraoperative MR imaging. Further resection of hemosiderin in 3 of 34 (9%) patients was abandoned due to the intended preservation of the optic radiation. No severe complications occurred. Three patients presented with mild visual field defects. Excellent seizure outcome (Engel Classification Grade I) was achieved in 79.3% of the patients (mean FU 26.6 months, range 2-83). No correlation between the duration of epilepsy and seizure control was found.

Conclusions: In a retrospective analysis of surgically treated patients suffering from epilepsy due to cerebral cavernomas, resection of the lesion and the hemosiderotic rim was performed safely and sufficiently using neuronavigation and intraoperative MR imaging, leading to an excellent seizure outcome.