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128. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie

03.05. - 06.05.2011, München

ICU-readmission after cardiac surgery: predictors and consequences

Meeting Abstract

  • Udo Boeken - Uniklinik Düsseldorf, Kardiovaskuläre Chirurgie, Düsseldorf
  • Alexander Assmann - Uniklinik Düsseldorf, Kardiovaskuläre Chirurgie, Düsseldorf
  • Payam Akhyari - Uniklinik Düsseldorf, Kardiovaskuläre Chirurgie, Düsseldorf
  • Artur Lichtenberg - Uniklinik Düsseldorf, Kardiovaskuläre Chirurgie, Düsseldorf

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. 128. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie. München, 03.-06.05.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11dgch685

doi: 10.3205/11dgch685, urn:nbn:de:0183-11dgch6857

Published: May 20, 2011

© 2011 Boeken et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Introduction: After cardiac surgery readmission to intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with higher costs and may be correlated with an increased mortality. We wanted to evaluate predictors of ICU readmission and to analyze the outcome of those patients.

Materials and methods: 5,333 patients who underwent CABG- and/or valve surgery between 2004 and 12/2009 were reviewed retrospectively. The reasons for readmission and the postoperative course were analyzed. Furthermore perioperative risk factors for readmission were determined by multivariate regression analysis.

Results: Of the 5,132 patients discharged from the ICU, 5.7% (293) of patients required a second intensive care (group r). Readmission rate was 4.9% following CABG and 8.8% following valve +/- CABG (p<0.05). The mean interval from ICU discharge to readmission was 3.2±6.1 days. Among the patients who were not readmitted 1.4% died in hospital, compared to 14.1% in group r (p<0.05). After readmission, the mean length of stay on ICU and in hospital was 7.9±5.8 and 21.9±11.3 days (3.2±1.2 and 12.8±5.0 days in all other patients (p<0.05)). Main reasons for readmission were respiratory failure (58%), cardiovascular instability (27%), renal failure (6.5%), cardiac tamponade/bleeding (5%), gastrointestinal complications (2%) and sepsis (1.5%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that preoperative renal failure, mechanical ventilation >24 h, re-exploration for bleeeding and low cardiac output state were independent predictors for readmission.

Conclusion: Patients after valve surgery are more likely to require readmission to ICU. Respiratory complications were the most common reasons for readmission. To reduce the readmission rate, it is necessary to treat cardio-respiratory problems early, particularly in patients showing predictive risk factors.