gms | German Medical Science

GMS German Medical Science — an Interdisciplinary Journal

Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)

ISSN 1612-3174


GMS German Medical Science – an Interdisciplinary Journal is the electronic journal of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF).

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40223 Duesseldorf

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Fax: +49 (211) 31 68 19

Person responsible for the contents according to § 5 TMG

Prof. Dr. Hans Reinauer, Ubierstraße 20, 40223 Düsseldorf, Germany

Open Access Policy

The articles published in this journal are Open Access articles distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Licenses. The CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 License (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives; license information at applied up to the end of 2014. As of 2015 the articles are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (license information at The specific license is indicated with each article.


According to German law (see the decision of the Landgericht Hamburg from the 12th of May 1998, file number: 312 O 85/98) the editor of a web site can be made responsible for the contents of other sites, which are referred to with hyperlinks, unless he excludes his responsibility explicitly.
Despite thorough editorial controls we therefore exclude our liability for external contents, which are referred to on the GMS site. We are responsible for external contents only in the case that on the one hand we receive positive knowledge of the illegality of the contents and on the other hand have the technical possibility to avoid the usage of the contents at reasonable efforts.
We also exclude our liability in principle for external contents, which have been changed after our referring hyperlink was set.
This disclaimer of warranty refers to all hyperlinks on the German Medical Science web site.

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