gms | German Medical Science

29. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga

Deutsche Hochdruckliga e. V. DHL ® - Deutsche Hypertonie Gesellschaft Deutsches Kompetenzzentrum Bluthochdruck

23. bis 25.11.2005, Berlin

Impact of genes related to immune tolerance and inflammation (TNF-alpha, IL-6) on blood pressure, protein excretion and edema in pregnancy

Einfluss immuntoleranz- und inflammationsrelevanter Gene (TNF-alpha, IL-6) auf Blutdruck, Proteinausscheidung und Ödeme in der Schwangerschaft

Meeting Abstract

  • T. Pfad - Charité Campus Mitte, Center for Cardiovascular Research (Berlin, D)
  • M. Godes - Charité Campus Mitte, Center for Cardiovascular Research (Berlin, D)
  • B. Hocher - Charité Campus Mitte, Center for Cardiovascular Research (Berlin, D)
  • T. Slowinski - Charité Campus Mitte (Berlin, D)
  • C.M. Richter - Charité Campus Mitte (Berlin, D)
  • H. Halle - Charité Campus Mitte (Berlin, D)

Hypertonie 2005. 29. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga. Berlin, 23.-25.11.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2006. Doc05hochP13

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hoch2005/05hoch013.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 8. August 2006

© 2006 Pfad et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that genetically determined alterations of maternal immune tolerance to fetal semi-allograft are important for the pathogenesis of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. A genetic association study was performed to analyse the impact of genetic polymorphisms known to be involved in immune tolerance on markers of preeclampsia such as systolic and diastolic blood pressure, urinary protein excretion and edema. 1480 Caucasian women were consecutively included after delivery at the obstetrics department of the Charité and genotyped for two polymorphisms: tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha -308G>A and interleukin (IL)-6 -174G>C. Only women carrying at least one mutant allele of both polymorphisms (TNF-alpha A and IL-6 C) have a significantly elevated mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure at the end of pregnancy. The TNF-alpha A allele on its own is significantly associated with urinary protein excretion in the last trimenon and the IL-6 C allele is independently and significantly associated with new-onset edema. We demonstrate in a large population that common maternal polymorphisms of genes related to immune tolerance and inflammation are associated with blood pressure regulation, urinary protein excretion and edema during pregnancy. The analysed polymorphisms seem to contribute to the multifactorial pathogenesis of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. The findings support the hypothesis that genetically determined factors of maternal immune tolerance play a role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.