gms | German Medical Science

28. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga

24. bis 27.11.2004, Hannover

Paradoxical Effect of Sibutramine on Autonomic Cardiovascular Regulation in Obese Hypertensive Patients

Paradoxe Wirkung von Sibutramin auf die autonome kardiovaskuläre Regulation bei adipösen Hypertonikern

Meeting Abstract (Hypertonie 2004)

  • A.L. Birkenfeld - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)
  • C. Schroeder - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)
  • T. Pischon - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)
  • J. Tank - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)
  • F.C. Luft - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)
  • A.M. Sharma - McMaster University (Hamilton, CDN)
  • J. Jordan - Franz-Volhard-Clinical Research Center, Charité (Berlin, D)

Hypertonie 2004. 28. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga. Hannover, 24.-27.11.2004. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc04hochP120

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hoch2004/04hoch120.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 10. August 2005

© 2005 Birkenfeld et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

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Background: Sibutramine, a serotonin and norepinephrine transporter blocker, is a common adjunctive obesity treatment. Acute studies in healthy subjects suggested that an inhibitory central nervous mechanism might attenuate the peripheral stimulatory effect on the sympathetic nervous system. This notion has not been tested in overweight and obese patients.

Methods: We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical study in hypertensive patients with BMI>/=27 to <40kg/m2. After 4 week placebo run in period patients were randomised to four different antihypertensive treatments or placebo. After 4 weeks of antihypertensive therapy patients were additionally treated with sibutramine 15 mg o.d. for 3 months. Patients underwent cardiovascular autonomic reflex testing and a graded head-up tilt test at the end of each phase.

Results: Mean body weight decreased from 98.5+/-4 to 94.7+/-4 kg (p<0.05) between end of placebo run in and end of sibutramine treatment. Supine blood pressure was 154+/-3/80+/-2, 145+/-3/76+/-2 and 150+/-3/79+/-2mmHg at end of placebo run in, after antihypertensive titration (ns) and end of sibutramine treatment (ns), respectively. The systolic blood pressure response to cold pressor testing was diminished with sibutramine (p<0.01). Sibutramine decreased low frequency systolic blood pressure oscillations in the supine position (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Resting blood pressure tends to increase with sibutramine whereas blood pressure during sympathetic stimulation and low frequency blood pressure oscillations are decreased. These paradoxical changes are consistent with previous studies in healthy subjects and suggest a combination of peripheral and central nervous system (clonidine like) mechanisms.