gms | German Medical Science

81. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

12.05. - 16.05.2010, Wiesbaden

Functional Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) in the education of patients and family members for the effective management of oropharyngeal dysphagia and recognition of aspiration

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Athanasia Printza - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Stefanos Triaridis - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Iordanis Konstantinidis - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Elena Pavlidou - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Hariklia Proios - Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. 81. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. Wiesbaden, 12.-16.05.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. Doc10hnod063

DOI: 10.3205/10hnod063, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-10hnod0635

Veröffentlicht: 22. April 2010

© 2010 Printza et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Introduction: The aim of this study is to examine the contribution of Functional Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) to the education of patients and family members - caring professionals for the effective management of oropharyngeal dysphagia and recognition of aspiration.

Methods: Prospective study of 87 patients and families treated at the swallowing disorders clinic. Primary outcome: recognition of aspiration symptoms (cough, voice change, “secretions” from tracheostomy). Secondary outcome: compensatory positions and swallowing maneuvers performance (patients) recognition of correct application of positions and maneuvers (family members). The clinical treatment protocol involves intensive training during the FEES examination of patients and family members with visual feed-back until they were confident they could follow guidelines or the patient was tired. The study group included hospitalized patients and out patients, patients unable to be mouth fed, patients applying compensatory positions and swallowing maneuvers to eliminate aspiration and patients with swallowing disorders without aspiration.

Results: Out of 87 patients 42 experienced aspiration if they would swallow without compensatory positions and swallowing maneuvers. In these subgroup, 40 patients’ family members successfully recognized aspiration cough and 37 recognized voice change. Family members overdiagnosed “secretions” from tracheostomy and 79% of them recognized correct application of compensatory positions and swallowing maneuvers. Sixty per cent of the patients were applying correctly the positions and maneuvers after the intensive training.

Conclusions: FEES is effective in educating patients and family members in dysphagia management and aspiration recognition.