gms | German Medical Science

76. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e. V.

04.05. - 08.05.2005, Erfurt

Cochlear function and gross morphology obtained from a genetically induced hypothyroid mouse strain

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author Adrian Muenscher - University of Hamburg, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Hamburg
  • Tania Ortiga-Carvalho - University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
  • Fredrick Wondisford - University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
  • Claus-Peter Richter - Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Chicago, IL, USA

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. 76. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e.V.. Erfurt, 04.-08.05.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc05hno704

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/hno2005/05hno067.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 22. September 2005

© 2005 Muenscher et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Thyroid hormone is essential for the differentiation of cochlear structures. The mouse strain used in our experiment was genetically manipulated and revealed the clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism including enlarged thyroid glands and elevated T3/T4 blood levels. Objective of this study was to examine the effects of the thyroid receptor manipulation on cochlear function and gross morphology.

Mice, 8-10 weeks of age were used in the experiments. Cochlear function was determined by measuring auditory compound action potential thresholds and tone on tone masking curves. In addition to functional testing, gross morphology was determined using the hemicochlea preparation and from 5μm slices cut with a microtome after Araldite Resin embedding. A hemicochlea is a cochlea cut along its mid modiolar plane and allows capturing images of cochlear cross sections. Cochlear dimension were measured using the images captured and NIH-image software. Spiral ganglion cells were counted in wild type and homocygotes. Cochlear function was significantly different in homocygotes when compared to its corresponding wild types. CAP-thresholds were elevated and tone on tone masking experiments showed reduced frequency selectivity.

Gross morphology was similar in homocygotes and wildtype animals as determined in the hemicochlea preparation. However, the spiral ganglion cell counts seemed to be lower in the homocygotes.

Although manipulation of the thyroid receptor did not alter cochlear gross morphology it compromised cochlear function. One may argue that the changes observed in cochlear function result from a smaller number of spiral ganglion cells.