gms | German Medical Science

60. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC)
Joint Meeting mit den Benelux-Ländern und Bulgarien

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

24. - 27.05.2009, Münster

Intraoperative tumour imaging using neurolasermicroscopy in human brain

Meeting Abstract

  • H.-G. Schlosser - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • P. Vajkoczy - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • O. Suess - Neurochirurgische Klinik, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • F. van Landeghem - Institut für Neuropathologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • M. Zeitz - Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF)
  • C. Bojarski - Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 60. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC), Joint Meeting mit den Benelux-Ländern und Bulgarien. Münster, 24.-27.05.2009. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2009. DocDI.09-08

DOI: 10.3205/09dgnc174, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-09dgnc1740

Veröffentlicht: 20. Mai 2009

© 2009 Schlosser et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielfältigt, verbreitet und öffentlich zugänglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective: Intraoperative imaging of vital neural structures on a cellular level during neurosurgery would facilitate the development of new strategies for diagnosis and treatment and offer new views for research. In vivo imaging allows detecting the tumour centre and the infiltration zone. With targeted biopsies, the lesion of interest is determined before biopsy is performed. This would facilitate and ensure the final pathological diagnosis. In this study, we introduce confocal neurolasermicroscopy as a new method applied in neurosurgery.

Methods: Confocal neurolasermicroscope as a miniaturized device (NLM) was introduced ex vivo immediately after tumour resection of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). NLM was performed with a 1000x magnification up to a tissue depth of 100μm. NLM images were compared to conventional histology of the same tumour.

Results: The NLM images of nine patients with histologically proven GBM were analysed for the presence of WHO criteria of GBM. In all 9 patients, cell density and cell pleomorphy were clearly visible with NLM. Further WHO criteria for tumour classification to identify GBM were compared to histology and were identified in some but not all patients. In 44% of the patients (4/9), microvascular proliferation was visible and in 22% of the patients (2/9) mitosis and necrosis was identified. Further phenomena such as pleomorphic cells, mitotic figures, fibrillary matrix and the distinction of tumour centre and the infiltration zone were characterized.

Conclusions: NLM is a tool which could be adapted to neurosurgical intraoperative application with the potential of diagnosing the tumour centre and recognition of the tumour infiltration zone in vivo. Neurolasermicroscopy is an easy to handle tool. In all nine patients with GBM, typical characteristics of tumour architecture were depicted. Identification of the infiltration zone or the centre of the tumour is possible in any patient by a etermination of the cell density.