gms | German Medical Science

58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V. (DGNC)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) e. V.

26. bis 29.04.2007, Leipzig

Intraoperative localization of stimulated functional brain areas by optical imaging

Intraoperative Lokalisation stimulierter Hirnareale durch Optical Imaging

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author S.B. Sobottka - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden
  • T. Meyer - Institut für Biomedizinische Technik, Technische Universität Dresden
  • E. Koch - Klinisches Sensoring und Monitoring, Technische Universität Dresden
  • R. Steinmeier - Klinikum Chemnitz gGmbH
  • U. Morgenstern - Institut für Biomedizinische Technik, Technische Universität Dresden
  • G. Schackert - Klinik für Neurochirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Dresden

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. 58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC). Leipzig, 26.-29.04.2007. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2007. DocSA.01.06

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter:

Veröffentlicht: 11. April 2007

© 2007 Sobottka et al.
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Objective: Optical imaging of cortical activity is a new method for a fast and contact free visualization of stimulated eloquent brain areas during neurosurgical interventions.

Methods: The intensity of the light reflected by the cortical tissue was measured in 13 patients with lesions around the somatosensory, visual or speech cortex using a high resolution CDD camera (Hamamatsu Photonics: EB-CCD C7190-13W and C4742-96) mounted to an operating microscope. Using adequate stimulation methods, the difference in the spectral absorption was used to differentiate between activated and non-activated brain areas. The data acquisition time was 9 minutes with alternating 30 seconds with and without stimulation. The difference between averaged frames was calculated and overlaid over an image of the operative site. Brain movements associated with heartbeat and respiration were compensated using a deformable registration algorithm.

Results: An EB-CCD camera turned out to be unsuitable for intraoperative optical imaging due to its high photosensitivity and the resulting reflection highlights. A C4742 camera was more suitable, however, the exposure time per frame had to be increased, which sometimes led to blurred images caused by the movement artefacts. The intraoperative numerical analysis of the acquired image data sets showed the localized activation of cortical tissue. The calculated location and the size of the activated region corresponded to the results derived by electrophysiological examinations and confirmed the estimation of the neurosurgeon. Most successful were the stimulations of the somatosensory and visual cortex. In some patients no activation of cortical tissue could be deciphered.

Conclusions: Optical imaging provides an intraoperative high spatial resolution image of brain surface activation, allowing the localization of eleoquent brain areas during surgery. Interestingly, the type of pathology seems to influence the perfusion of the surrounding tissue, so that changes between activation and rest may not be detectable in some cases.