gms | German Medical Science

56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V. (DGNC)
3èmes journées françaises de Neurochirurgie (SFNC)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V.
Société Française de Neurochirurgie

07. bis 11.05.2005, Strasbourg

Wedge osteotomy in major sagittal spinal deformities: surgical planning in monosegmental osteotomy strategies and consequences for postoperative spinal balance

Meeting Abstract

  • corresponding author J.-Y. Lazennec - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Pitié - Salpétrière Hospital, University of Paris VI. France
  • M. A. Rousseau - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Pitié - Salpétrière Hospital, University of Paris VI. France
  • G. Gorin - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Pitié - Salpétrière Hospital, University of Paris VI. France
  • G. Saillant - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Pitié - Salpétrière Hospital, University of Paris VI. France

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Société Française de Neurochirurgie. 56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 3èmes journées françaises de Neurochirurgie (SFNC). Strasbourg, 07.-11.05.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. DocP112

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2005/05dgnc0380.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 4. Mai 2005

© 2005 Lazennec et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective

The objective was to examine the consequences of monosegmental osteotomy on overall sagittal balance of spine and pelvis according to the osteotomy level.

Methods

From 1980 to 1999, 68 patients underwent wedge osteotomy for global kyphosis related to ankylosing spondylitis (n=37) or failed back surgery with flatback and major pelvic retroversion (n=31) ( Minimum follow-up three years ). Opening wedge osteotomy was performed in the first 19 patients and closing wedge osteotomy in the remaining 49 patients. Sacral tilt (normal, 41°), T9 sagittal tilt (normal 11°), and T9 tilt (normal -11°) were measured on radiographs. The osteotomy was above L2 L3 disc in 26 patients and below in 42 patients.

Results

Overall, mean local correction was 44° and T9 sagittal tilt correction 30.6°. In the below L2 L3 group, mean local correction was 49° and T9 sagittal tilt change was +28° (from-2° to +26°); T9 tilt changed from -21° to -3° and ST from 6° to 18°. In the above L2 L3 group, mean local correction was 36.6°, T9 sagittal tilt changed from -12° to + 23° (gain, 35°), T9 tilt changed from -24° to 4°, and ST changed from 4° to 7°. In seven patients, functional kyphosis developed because of hip extension limitation precluding adaptation to the correction.

Conclusions

Overcorrection of posterior trunk tilt at T9 can be tolerated in patients with a good range of hip extension. Correction of pelvic retroversion (moving the sacrum to a more horizontal position) is more important in osteotomies below L3.