gms | German Medical Science

56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V. (DGNC)
3èmes journées françaises de Neurochirurgie (SFNC)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e. V.
Société Française de Neurochirurgie

07. bis 11.05.2005, Strasbourg

Cervical disc prosthesis compared to anterior cervical interbody fusion: initial experience and results

Vergleich der klinischen Ergebnisse nach ventralen Fusion und Implantation der Bandscheibenprothese der Halswirbelsäule: erste Ergebnisse

Meeting Abstract

Suche in Medline nach

  • corresponding author M. Tschigrjai - Klinikum Saarbrücken, Department Neurosurgery, Saarbrücken
  • F. Weber - Klinikum Saarbrücken, Department Neurosurgery, Saarbrücken

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie. Société Française de Neurochirurgie. 56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie e.V. (DGNC), 3èmes journées françaises de Neurochirurgie (SFNC). Strasbourg, 07.-11.05.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. DocP093

Die elektronische Version dieses Artikels ist vollständig und ist verfügbar unter: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/dgnc2005/05dgnc0361.shtml

Veröffentlicht: 4. Mai 2005

© 2005 Tschigrjai et al.
Dieser Artikel ist ein Open Access-Artikel und steht unter den Creative Commons Lizenzbedingungen (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.de). Er darf vervielf&aauml;ltigt, verbreitet und &oauml;ffentlich zug&aauml;nglich gemacht werden, vorausgesetzt dass Autor und Quelle genannt werden.


Gliederung

Text

Objective

The purpose of this study is to compare the patients outcomes after functional intervertebral cervical disc prosthesis and after anterior fusion according the provide relief from objective neurological symptoms and signs, improve patient function, decrease pain, and provide motion.

Methods

For this purpose, 60 patients were assessed pre-op, post-op, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year. Patient data was entered into a database. Results were scored according to a modified Odom´s Criteria, based on relief of preoperative symptoms and relief of objective neurological signs (as assessed by the physician in a neurological examination) associated with the treated level. Radiographs were analysed independently to determine range of motion and assess device migration and/or subsidence.

Results

Of the 20 patients with cervical disc prosthesis scored for clinical success at one-year follow-up, 17 (85,0%) were classified as excellent, 2 (10,0%) was classified as fair and 1 (5,0%) was classified as poor. Of the 20 patients with cage fusion scored for clinical success at one-year follow-up, 16 (80,0%) were classified as excellent, 3 (15.0%) was classified as fair and 1 (5,0%) was classified as poor. Of the 20 patients with pallacos "fusion" scored for clinical success at one-year follow-up, 15 (75,0%) were classified as excellent, 4 (20,0%) was classified as fair and 1 (5,0%) was classified as poor. The range of motion for patient with cervical disk prosthesis at 1 year was unvaried compared to pre-op range of motion. The patients with anterior fusion lose the pre-op range of motion. There have been no device migrations or device subsidences in all patients.

Conclusions

The concept that interbody fusion of the cervical spine leads to accelerated degeneration of adjacent disc levels due to increased stress from the fusion is widely postulated. Therefore, reconstruction of a failed interverterbral disc with a functional disc prosthesis should offer the same benefits as decompression and fusion while simultaneously providing motion thereby protecting the adjacent level disc from the abnormal stresses associated with fusion by maintaining physiological motion and kinematics.