gms | German Medical Science

24th Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society

German Retina Society

17.06. - 18.06.2011, Aachen

The isolated superfused retina of vertebrates as a tool of pharmacological research of neuronal function of the retina

Meeting Abstract

  • Siarhei A. Siapich - Universitäts-Augenklinik der RWTH Aachen
  • M. Lüke - Universitäts-Augenklinik Lübeck
  • T. Schneider - Institut für Neurophysiologie, Universitätsklinikum Köln
  • P. Walter - Universitäts-Augenklinik der RWTH Aachen

German Retina Society. 24th Annual Conference of the German Retina Society. Aachen, 17.-18.06.2011. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2011. Doc11rg19

doi: 10.3205/11rg19, urn:nbn:de:0183-11rg192

This is the translated version of the article.
The original version can be found at:

Published: June 15, 2011

© 2011 Siapich et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



The electroretinogram (ERG) from the isolated bovine retina is a proven method of evaluation of the retinal neuronal function. It is used as a sensitive pharmacological tool to investigate the effects of applied toxins and drugs on photoreceptors, recording the changes of the a wave and higher order neurons that contribute to the generation of the b-wave. After isolation and detachment from the pigment epithelium, part of the retina is placed into a measuring chamber, which enables a perfusion with nutrient solution. The ingredients of the nutrient solution and its flow rate, oxygenation, light intensity and incubation temperature were optimised empirically to achieve a maximal b-wave amplitude and long-lasting stability. The method of the isolated perfused bovine retina was used in various experiments, including toxicity testing of drugs used in ophthalmology, functional evaluation of neuronal biochemical interaction partners and Ca2+ channel antagonists. The recording of the ERG from the isolated and perfused bovine retina serves as a valuable physiological model for a neuronal network in which important questions related to the retinal signalling and metabolism can be investigated. In our oral presentation we describe the method of the isolated superfused bovine retina and give an overview of the results of our experimental work.