gms | German Medical Science

23rd Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society

German Retina Society

24.09. - 25.09.2010, Freiburg

Questionnaire initiated by IFDA concerning diabetic retinopathy and ophthalmologic screening examination

Meeting Abstract

  • Georg Spital - Department of Ophthalmology, St.Franziskus-Hospital Münster
  • A. Abeler - Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine WWU Münster
  • D. Pauleikhoff - Department of Ophthalmology, St.Franziskus-Hospital Münster
  • B. Bertram - Aachen
  • M. Ulbig - Clinic of the LMU Munich
  • L. Rose - Diabetological specialized medical practice, St.Franziskus-Hospital Münster
  • H. Hense - Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine WWU Münster

German Retina Society. 23rd Annual Conference of the German Retina Society. Freiburg i. Br., 24.-25.09.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. Doc10rg70

doi: 10.3205/10rg70, urn:nbn:de:0183-10rg707

This is the translated version of the article.
The original version can be found at: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/rg2010/10rg70.shtml

Published: September 21, 2010

© 2010 Spital et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Purpose: The knowledge of diabetic patients about diabetic retinopathy (DR), DR prophylaxis and therapy, as well as their experience with retinopathy screening examinations are barely examined. For the improvement of the ophthalmologic care of diabetics as well as for the success of DR-prophylaxis and screening, these are important points. Therefore the “Initiativgruppe Früherkennung diabetischer Augenerkrankungen” (IFDA) initiated a patient interrogation.

Methods: Questionnaire in offices of general practitioners in the city of Münster. The questions concerned anamnesis of diabetes, knowledge of DR and source of informations, estimation of personal risk of DR and experiences with ophthalmologic screening examinations.

Results: 315 participant diabetics of 18 general practitioner offices in Münster (>85% type2 DM; Ĝ67ys.; 68%<10ys. diabetes duration; 12.9% dagnosis of DR) 65% felt well informed about DR. Only 44% knew, that examination of retina is important in DR-Screening. Therapeutic options against DR were known in ~50%. >70% were aware of the role of glycemic control in DR-prophylaxis, whereas the importance of bp was not known in >40%. 23% did not know the HBA1c-value. Over 90% estimated screening of DR to be important and ~ 2/3 were afraid of DR. Performance of screening examination and medical informations by the opthalmologist were well appreciated in >80%. 26% mentioned pupil dilatation as very distracting.

Conclusion: Diabetics in general practioner offices in Münster showed a good awareness of the riscs of DR. Most of them reported on mostly positive experiences with ophthalmologic DR screening examination. There was a lack of information concerning prophylaxis and details of dr-disease, as well as on therapeutic options. Suitable information campaigns appear to be indicated. The information demand all over germany seems to be even more distinct, because “non-compliant” diabetics and rural areas were not included in this questionnaire.