gms | German Medical Science

23rd Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society

German Retina Society

24.09. - 25.09.2010, Freiburg

Choroidal neovascularization recurrence after autologous transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium and choroid in neovascular age-related macular degeneration

Meeting Abstract

  • Albert Caramoy - University Eye Clinic Cologne
  • S. Liakopoulos - University Eye Clinic Cologne
  • B. Kirchhof - University Eye Clinic Cologne

German Retina Society. 23rd Annual Conference of the German Retina Society. Freiburg i. Br., 24.-25.09.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. Doc10rg41

DOI: 10.3205/10rg41, URN: urn:nbn:de:0183-10rg419

This is the translated version of the article.
The original version can be found at: http://www.egms.de/de/meetings/rg2010/10rg41.shtml

Published: September 21, 2010

© 2010 Caramoy et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.en). You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.


Outline

Text

Introduction: Autologous transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid was a therapy option for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) before the anti vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) era. Until now no choroidal neovascularization (CNV) recurrence in the center of the graft was ever reported.

Methods: A case report of a patient with recurrent CNV in the center of the autologous graft of RPE and choroid. Fluorescein, indocyanine green angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were done.

Results: After an autologous transplantation of RPE and choroid for neovascular AMD on the year 2004 visual acuity gain from 20/100 preoperatively to 20/25 postoperatively was seen, which remains stable up to 5 years. Five years and nine months after the transplantation visual acuity deterioration was noted. The fluorescein angiography shows a leakage in the center of the graft. In OCT a hyperreflective subretinal tissue with disruption of the RPE band was seen. Intravitreal bevacizumab was given.

Discussion: The transplantation of RPE, Bruch’s membrane and choroid from the periphery might improve and stabilize visual acuity in selected cases of neovascular AMD. However over time the graft might not withstand the metabolical need of the macula, inducing the CNV recurrence.