gms | German Medical Science

21st Annual Meeting of the German Retina Society and 8th Symposium of the International Society of Ocular Trauma (ISOT)

German Retina Society
International Society of Ocular Trauma

19.06. - 22.06.2008, Würzburg

Outcomes of Nd:YAG Laser Treatment for Valsalva Retinopathy due to Intense Military Exercise

Meeting Abstract

  • Tarkan Mumcuoglu - Ankara/Turkey
  • A.H. Durukan - Ankara/Turkey
  • F.C. Erdurman - Ankara/Turkey
  • V. Hurmeric - Ankara/Turkey

Retinologische Gesellschaft. International Society of Ocular Trauma. 21. Jahrestagung der Retinologischen Gesellschaft gemeinsam mit dem 8. Symposium der International Society of Ocular Trauma. Würzburg, 19.-22.06.2008. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2008. DocISOTRG2008P20

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: June 18, 2008

© 2008 Mumcuoglu et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Purpose: Valsalva retinopathy may occur due to intense physical exercise. Soldiers must undergo vigorous physical training to sustain a high level of readiness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recovery period and the outcomes of Valsalva retinopathy due to physical exercise in the Turkish Army.

Methods: Twelve soldiers had Valsalva retinopathy related to military exercise. All patients received Nd:YAG laser membranotomy and were followed for 12.6 months.

Results: All eyes had visual acuities of 20/20 at the end of first month. Therefore, soldiers could continue their training. Any complications or additional surgeries were not needed during the one-year follow-up.

Conclusions: Early visual recovery is important in order to continue training and reduce health costs in the Turkish Army, where military service is mandatory for a required period of time. For that reason Nd:YAG laser treatment for Valsalva retinopathy related to military exercise is an effective and safe procedure.