gms | German Medical Science

10. Kongress für Infektionskrankheiten und Tropenmedizin (KIT 2010)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Infektiologie,
Deutsche AIDS-Gesellschaft,
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Tropenmedizin und Internationale Gesundheit,
Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie

23.06. - 26.06.2010, Köln

Combination treatment against Echinococcus multilocularis in vitro

Kombinationsbehandlung gegen Echinococcus multilocularis in vitro

Meeting Abstract

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  • S. Reuter - Universitätsklinik Düsseldorf, Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und Infektiologie, Düsseldorf, Germany
  • T. Beisler - Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Sektion Infektiologie, Ulm, Germany
  • P. Kern - Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Sektion Infektiologie, Ulm, Germany

10. Kongress für Infektionskrankheiten und Tropenmedizin (KIT 2010). Köln, 23.-26.06.2010. Düsseldorf: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; 2010. DocP89

doi: 10.3205/10kit144, urn:nbn:de:0183-10kit1446

Published: June 2, 2010

© 2010 Reuter et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Introduction: Benzimidazoles, namely albendazole (ABZ) and mebendazole, are the only drugs licensed for the treatment of inoperable alveolar echinococcosis. In addition, amphotericin B (AMB) has shown effect against E. multilocularis as salvage treatment in humans. Both benzimidazoles and AMB are only parasitostatic against E. multilocularis and toxicity may limit long-term use. In the present study we examined the effect of combined treatment between ABZ and AMB on E. multilocularis larvae in an in vitro model.

Materials and methods: Vesicles were grown in a tissue culture model of metacestodes and hepatocytes. Drugs were added to the culture and the destructive effect on the vesicles was visually observed.

Results: Sequential application of ABZ and AMB yielded effective destruction of vesicles which was faster than the application of AMB alone. However, simultaneous application of ABZ and AMB had an inhibitory effect on vesicle destruction. After discontinuation of drug application, regrowth of vesicles occurred, hereby proving the parasitostatic effect of combined treatment against E. multilocularis larvae.

Conclusions: Due to an inhibitory effect between ABZ and AMB against E. multilocularis larvae, we discourage from the simultaneous application of both drugs. If our in vitro results hold true in vivo, sequential application of ABZ and AMB would be an effective means for long-term suppression of larval growth. Long-term tolerance of both drugs could be improved by a reduction of side-effects.