gms | German Medical Science

27. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga

Deutsche Liga zur Bekämpfung des hohen Blutdrucks – Deutsche Hypertonie Gesellschaft e. V.

26. bis 29.11.2003, Bonn

New messanger molecules of the adrenal glands

Neue Messanger-Moleküle der Nebennierengranula

Meeting Abstract (Hypertonie 2003)

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  • presenting/speaker V. Jankowski - Charité / B.-Franklin (Berlin, D)
  • W. Zidek - Charité / B.-Franklin (Berlin, D)
  • J. Jankowski - Charité / B.-Franklin (Berlin, D)

Hypertonie 2003. 27. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga. Bonn, 26.-29.11.2003. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2004. Doc03hochP77

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: November 11, 2004

© 2004 Jankowski et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Dinucleoside polyphosphates have been characterised as extracellular mediators controlling numerous physiological functions like vascular tone or cell proliferation. Here we describe the isolation and identification of dinucleoside polyphosphates ApnA (with n=2-3), ApnG (with n=2-6) as well as GpnG (with n=2-6) from adrenal glands. These dinucleoside polyphosphates are localized in granules of the adrenal glands .

The dinucleoside polyphosphates diadenosine diphosphate (Ap2A), diadenosine triphosphate (Ap3A), the adenosine guanosine polyphosphates (ApnG) and diguanosine polyphosphates (GpnG), both with phosphate group (p) numbers (n) ranging from 2 to 6, were identified by fractionating them to homogeneity by preparative size-exclusion- and affinity-chromatography as well as analytical anion-exchange and reversed-phase-chromatography from deproteinized adrenal glands and by analysis of the homogenous dinucleoside polyphosphates containing fractions with post-source-decay (PSD) matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS).

The identity of the dinucleoside polyphosphates was confirmed by retention time comparison with authentic dinucleoside polyphosphates. Enzymatic analysis demonstrated an interconnection of the phosphate groups with the adenosines in the 5´-positions of the riboses in all dinucleoside polyphosphates purified from adrenal glands.

In conclusion, the identification of these dinucleoside polyphosphates in adrenal gland granules emphasizes that these dinucleoside polyphosphates can be released from the adrenal glands upon stimulation into the circulation.