gms | German Medical Science

76th Annual Meeting of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

04.05. - 08.05.2005, Erfurt

The platysma myofascial flap for reconstruction of pharyngeal defects after transoral laser microsurgery of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma

Meeting Abstract

Search Medline for

  • corresponding author Martin Jäckel - ENT Department Darmstadt, Germany
  • Marle Reichenbach - ENT Department Darmstadt, Germany
  • Ralf Reck - ENT Department Darmstadt, Germany

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie. 76. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e.V.. Erfurt, 04.-08.05.2005. Düsseldorf, Köln: German Medical Science; 2005. Doc05hno224

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published: September 22, 2005

© 2005 Jäckel et al.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( You are free: to Share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.



Introduction: Transoral laser microsurgery of locally advanced carcinomas of the lateral pharynx often results in an exposure of major vessels of the neck and is accompanied with a substantial risk of intra- and postoperative bleeding. In our hands, these operations are therefore only performed after an external protection of neck vessels and - if necessary - combined with flap reconstruction.

Patients and methods: Between 10/01 and 5/04 five locally advanced squamous cell carcinomas of the lateral oropharynx that radiologically reached the major vessels of the neck, were treated as follows: after ipsilateral neck dissection with temporary protection of the iugular vein and the carotid arteries, the neck remained open, while transoral laser surgery of the primary tumor was performed. Pharyngeal defects were subsequently closed by a platysma myofascial flap. All patients underwent adjuvant radiotherapy.

Results: All primary tumors were completely resected. None of the patients required tracheotomy or placement of a PEG. The mean duration of nasogastric feeding tubes was 15.6 days. In one case, the routine radiological contrast study revealed a blind cervical fistula 10 days after surgery, that healed spontaneously within 7 days. Postoperative bleeding events requiring surgical revision were not observed. During a mean follow up of 18.4 months none of the patients developed a local and/or regional recurrence.

Conclusion: The described surgical procedure ensures a sufficient protection of neck vessels during and after transoral resection of advanced carcinomas of the pharynx. It successfully combines the advantages of minimally invasive laser microsurgery with those of flap reconstruction known from traditional surgery.